Fast Thermal Degradation of Biomass Using Scrapped Solar Cell with Special Focus on Photovoltaic (PV) Waste Disposal

  • G. N. Lalith Pankaj Raj Nadimuthu
  • V. Madhan KarthikEmail author
  • M. Mohanraj
  • V. Kirubakaran
Conference paper


India has developed as a fifth largest e-waste producer in the world, which roughly accounts for 18.5 lakh Metric tonnes of electronic waste. Electronic waste (E-waste) is one of the largest growing waste streams globally in the area of solid waste management. The current scenarios of development of solar energy technology are going to face huge challenges in handling the aged solar PV (Electronic waste) panels. The complexity and challenges in the disposal of solar Panels lead to innovation in recovering and recycling the material by safer methods and disposal of waste by adopting the suitable techniques. In this paper, the thermal degradation of Mono-crystalline solar PV panel was carried out using Muffle Furnace. Since the silicone is stable in nature, the rate of degradation is very low. Hence, the powdered aged cells have been mixed with various biomass and degradation has been carried out. The influence of silica has been visualized in all biomass and the rate of degradation of biomass is high compared to pure biomass. Hence, the co-combustion/gasification of degraded silicon cell along with biomass will give better thermal degradation which enhances the quality of producer gas/lower combustion temperature.


Solar PV panel (Electronic waste) Kinetic analysis Thermogravimetric analysis Waste disposal technique 



The authors gratefully acknowledge UGC for funding the M. Tech. Renewable Energy under Innovative Programme scheme.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. N. Lalith Pankaj Raj Nadimuthu
    • 1
  • V. Madhan Karthik
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Mohanraj
    • 1
  • V. Kirubakaran
    • 1
  1. 1.Rural Energy Centre, The Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed UniversityDindigulIndia

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