Recycling of Marble Waste in the Manufacturing of Ceramic Roof Tiles

  • Sh. K. AminEmail author
  • S. A. El-Sherbiny
  • H. H. Abo-Almaged
  • M. F. Abadir
Conference paper


Marble dust is the waste generated during the cutting process of marble blocks. Recycling that waste in the manufacture of ceramic products helps in reducing environmental pollution, lower the production cost, and also achieve sustainable development that saves sources of raw materials for future generations. This work aims at recycling marble dust waste in the manufacture of ceramic roofing tiles. This waste was added to a standard roof tile mix at different percentages up to 30% and fired at 1000 and 1150 °C for 3 h soaking time. Raw materials were characterized using XRD, XRF, true density, and particle size distribution. Fired tiles were investigated for their physical and mechanical properties. The results showed that 10% marble dust could be used in samples fired at 1000 °C for the production of ceramic roofing tiles that meet the American standard specifications.


Marble waste Ceramic roofing tiles Sustainability 


  1. 1.
    Ulubeyli GC, Artir R (2015) Properties of hardened concrete produced by waste marble powder. Procedia—Soc Behav Sci 195:2181–2190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rania AH, Salah E, Safwan K (2011) Marble and granite waste: characterization and utilization in concrete bricks. Int J Biosci, Biochem Bioinform 1(4):286–290Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Khyaliya RK, Kabeer KISA, Vyas AK (2017) Evaluation of strength and durability of lean mortar mixes containing marble waste. Constr Build Mater 147:598–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jyothi Y, Somaiah PV, Reddy KHP, Venkateshwarlu V, Swamy KK, Raju BD, Rao KSR (2017) An inexpensive and environmentally friendly activated marble waste as a catalyst for vapour phase dehydration of 1,4-butanediol to tetra-hydro-furan. Catal Commun (in press)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Arel HŞ (2016) Recyclability of waste marble in concrete production. J Clean Prod 131:179–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sudarshan DK, Vyas AK (2017) Impact of fire on mechanical properties of concrete containing marble waste. J King Saud Univ—Eng Sci (in press)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ulubeyli GC, Bilir T, Artir R (2016) Durability properties of concrete produced by marble waste as aggregate or mineral additives. Procedia Eng 161:543–548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Aditya C, Halim A, Putri CF (2014) Waste marble utilization from residue marble industry as a substitution of cement and sand within concrete roof tile production. Int J Eng Res (IJER) 3(8):501–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    García-Ten J, Mallol G, Bou E, Silva G, Fernández J, Molina A, Romera J (2003) Recycling marble working wastes in manufacturing ceramic products, part II: ceramic wall tile manufacture. Ceram Forum Int 80(10):E30–E32Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Erdoğan NB, Yeprem HA, Günay E, Marşoğlu M (2011) Evaluating waste marble dust as floor tile. Mater pruf 53(5):290–294Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    ASTM D 422/1963 (Reapproved 2007) Method for particle–size analysis of soils. Annual book of American Society for Testing of Material (ASTM), U.S.A., vol 04.08 (March 2014)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    ASTM C 326/2009 (Reapproved 2014), Standard test method for drying and firing shrinkages of ceramic white ware clays. Annual book of American Society for Testing of Material (ASTM), U.S.A., vol 15.02 (April 2017)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ASTM D 7348/2013, Standard test methods for loss on ignition (L.O.I) of solid combustion residues. Annual book of American Society for Testing of Material (ASTM), U.S.A., vol 05.06 (September 2016)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    ASTM C 20/2000 (Reapproved 2015) Standard test methods for apparent porosity, water absorption, apparent specific gravity, and bulk density of burned refractory brick and shapes by boiling water. Annual book of American Society for Testing of Material (ASTM), U.S.A., vol 15.01 (March 2017)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    ASTM C 67/ 2017, Standard test methods for sampling and testing brick and structural clay tile. Annual book of American Society for Testing of Material (ASTM), U.S.A., vol 04.05 (June 2017)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    ASTM C 1167/ 2011, Standard specification for clay roof tiles. Annual book of American Society for Testing of Material (ASTM), U.S.A., vol 04.05 (June 2017)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    McCabe L, Smith C (2005) Unit operations of chemical engineering. 7th ed., McGraw–Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kingery WD, Bowen HK, Uhlmann DR (1976) Introduction to ceramics, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sh. K. Amin
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. A. El-Sherbiny
    • 2
  • H. H. Abo-Almaged
    • 3
  • M. F. Abadir
    • 2
  1. 1.Engineering Research Division, Chemical Engineering and Pilot Plant DepartmentNational Research Centre (NRC)Dokki, GizaEgypt
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  3. 3.Inorganic Chemical Industries and Mineral Resources Division, Ceramic and Building Materials DepartmentRefractories, National Research Centre (NRC)Dokki, GizaEgypt

Personalised recommendations