A Qualitative–Quantitative Methodological Approach for Sustainable Reclamation of Open Dumps: The Case of the Controlled Dump of Tripoli

  • Mervat El-HozEmail author
Conference paper


Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) is a major problem facing the Urban Commune Al-Fayhaa (UCF) in Lebanon for more than 40 years. The population growth, the presence of Syrian refugees due to the political conflict, and scarce availability of land have led to a crisis in UCF existing controlled dump (CD) which covers an area of 60,000 m2, serving approximately 500,000 persons with an average 425 tons/day of waste. The site approached its final grades since 2012 and is still used. The aim of this study is to find an effective solution to the problem of the current crisis in this CD. The methodology follows a five-step procedure: identification and review of relevant literature; data collection; meeting with the concerned stakeholders; fieldwork; data processing; and solution to this problem. Four scenarios are studied (leave controlled dump as it is; closure and cover of CD; enhanced landfill mining and reclamation (mobile plant); and enhanced landfill mining and reclamation (stationary plant)). The results show that enhanced landfill mining and reclamation with mobile sorting plant on-site is the best applicable solution, and an immediate decision should be considered to prevent additional public health problems and degradation of the environment.


Municipal solid waste management Controlled dump Enhanced landfill mining Remediation Resource recovery 



The author expresses her appreciation to the Urban Commune of Al-Fayhaa for its cooperation in this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BalamandEl-KouraLebanon

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