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Paleomagnetism in Structural Geology and Tectonics

  • B. Oliva-UrciaEmail author
  • E. L. Pueyo
Chapter
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

Paleomagnetism is a technique very useful in structural geology providing that the rocks keep a stable record of the paleoearth magnetic field information. Paleomagnetism has been used in deciphering the evolution and geometry of orogens and extensional basins. The evolution of an orogen has many points of view, but the use of paleomagnetism allows (i) calculating vertical and/or horizontal rotations during basin and orogen evolution and hence providing actual data to calculate out-of-plane movements particularly important when constructing cross-sections to calculate shortening, (ii) dating syntectonic sediments at foreland basins, which in combination with exhumation rates, for example, allow for a complete reconstruction of the evolution of the orogen, and (iii) deducing chemical interactions when remagnetization occurs. At larger scale, paleomagnetism has been fundamental for paleogeographic reconstructions and evolution of tectonic plates.

Keywords

Tectonic evolution Rotations Paleogeography Dating 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are gratefully indebted to our former Ph.D. adviser, Andrés Pocoví, who visualized the potentiality of paleomagnetism to unravel complex structural geology problems.

Paleomagnetic laboratories at Universities of Spain: Burgos, Barcelona, Vigo, CENIEH; Austria: Gams, ZAMG; USA: Ann Arbor, Albuquerque, Alaska, Minneapolis; Germany: Karlsruhe, Tübingen; Netherlands: Utrecht. Italy, Roma tre; France: Toulouse, Marseille; Japan: Kochi Core Center and the Magnetic fabric laboratory of the University of Zaragoza are greatly acknowledged for their support during the last years.

We also are grateful for stimulating discussions with closer colleagues and collaborators: Antonio Casas, Juan Cruz Larrasoaña, Bet Beamud, Teresa Román-Berdiel, José Luis Briz, José Carlos Ciria, Ruth Soto, Pilar Mata, Luis Ros, Héctor Millán, Andrés Gil-Imaz, Carlos Sancho, Arsenio Muñoz, Arantxa Luzón, Concha Arenas, Asunción Soriano, Miguel Garcés, Josep María Parés, Josep Anton Muñoz, Antonio Barnolas, Pep Serra-Kiel, Chema Samsó, Xabier Pereda-Suberbiola, Rob Van der Voo, Jean Luc Bouchez, Philippe Olivier, Celeste Gomes, Juanjo Villalaín, Daniel Pastor-Galán, Robert Scholger, Hermann Mauritsch, Wolfgang Thöny, Martin Waldhör, Emö Marton, Agnes Kontny, John Geissman, Claudia Lewis, Aviva Sussman, David Anastasio, Ken Kodama, Roberto Molina-Garza, Eric Tohver, Arlo Weil, David Stone, Wesley Wallace, Mike Jackson, Peat Solheid, Thelma Berquó, Ramon Egli, Mark Deckers, Cor Langereis, Alexandra Abrajevitch, Kazuto Kodama, Ann Hirt, Anja Scheleicher, Bjarne Almqvist, Frantisek Hrouda, Martin, Chadima, Jaume Dinarès, Néstor Vegas, Manolo Calvo-Rather, Óscar Fernández as well as María José Ramón, Adriana Rodriguez-Pintó, Tania Mochales, Gelu López, Carlota Oliván, Oscar Pueyo-Anchuela, Oskar Vidal, Jordi Bausa, Javier Pérez-Rivarés, Galo San Miguel, Eliseo Tesón, Esther Izquierdo-Llavall, Pablo Calvín, Pablo Santolaria, Elisa Sánchez-Moreno, Lope Ezquerro, Cristina García-Lasanta, Héctor Gil-Garbi, Roi Silva, Marcos Marcén, Luis Valero, Elisenda Costa, Borja Antolín, Manuel Porquet, Mikel Calle, among many others.

Finally, we also acknowledge the financial support from several projects during the last years from the Spanish National Plan in Science (RyC2004-002236; CGL2006-02289, CGL200914214-, CGL2014-54118; PRX17/00462; CGL2017-90632-REDT, CGL2009-08969, CGL2016-77560-C2-1-P, and CGL2016-77560-C2-2-P of the MICINN) as well as some projects from the Aragonian Government and the INTERREG III (CTP) program. Soumyajit Mukherjee (IIT Bombay) handled and reviewed this chapter. Springer proofreading team is thanked for assistance. Collaborators in Figs. 3, 4, and 24 are also acknowledged.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dpto. de Geología y GeoquímicaUniversidad Autónoma de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria de CantoblancoMadridSpain
  2. 2.Dpto. de Ciencias de la TierraUniversidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  3. 3.Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Unidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  4. 4.Associated Unit in Earth SciencesIGME/Universidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain

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