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Microbial Biofortification: A Green Technology Through Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms

  • Amir Khan
  • Jyoti Singh
  • Viabhav Kumar Upadhayay
  • Ajay Veer Singh
  • Shachi Shah
Chapter

Abstract

The hidden hunger or malnutrition is considered to be the most dignified global challenge to human kind. Malnutrition afflicts approximately more than one billion of world’s population in both developed and developing countries. Malnutrition includes diet related chronic diseases as well as overt nutrient deficiencies which leads to morbidity, reduced physical and mental growth. However, strategies to enhance supplementation of mineral elements and food fortification have not always been successful. Plant growth promoting microorganisms are known to fortify micro- and macro-nutrient contents in staple food crops through various mechanisms such as siderophore production, zinc solubilization, nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilization, etc. Inoculation of potential microorganisms along with mineral fertilizers can increase the uptake of mineral elements, yield and growth. Therefore, biofortification of staple food crops by the implications of plant growth promoting microorganisms has an ability to attain mineral elements, is advocated as novel strategy not only to increase concentration of micronutrient in edible food crops but also to improve yields on less fertile soils.

Keywords

Microbial biofortification Plant growth promoting microorganisms Malnutrition Zinc Micronutrient 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amir Khan
    • 1
  • Jyoti Singh
    • 1
  • Viabhav Kumar Upadhayay
    • 1
  • Ajay Veer Singh
    • 1
  • Shachi Shah
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesGBPUA&TPantnagarIndia
  2. 2.School of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary StudiesIndira Gandhi National Open UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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