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Near Real-Time Searchable Analytics for Images

  • Yu HuaEmail author
  • Xue Liu
Chapter

Abstract

The challenges of handling the explosive growth in data volume and complexity cause the increasing needs for semantic queries. The semantic queries can be interpreted as the correlation-aware retrieval, while containing approximate results. Existing cloud storage systems mainly fail to offer an adequate capability for the semantic queries. Since the true value or worth of data heavily depends on how efficiently semantic search can be carried out on the data in (near-) real-time, large fractions of data end up with their values being lost or significantly reduced due to the data staleness. To address this problem, we propose a near real-time and cost-effective semantic queries based methodology, called FAST. The idea behind FAST is to explore and exploit the semantic correlation within and among datasets via correlation-aware hashing and manageable flat-structured addressing to significantly reduce the processing latency, while incurring acceptably small loss of data-search accuracy. The near real-time property of FAST enables rapid identification of correlated files and the significant narrowing of the scope of data to be processed. FAST supports several types of data analytics, which can be implemented in existing searchable storage systems. We conduct a real-world use case in which children reported missing in an extremely crowded environment (e.g., a highly popular scenic spot on a peak tourist day) are identified in a timely fashion by analyzing 60 million images using FAST. FAST is further improved by using semantic-aware namespace to provide dynamic and adaptive namespace management for ultra-large storage systems. Extensive experimental results demonstrate the efficiency and efficacy of FAST in the performance improvements ({2016}IEEE. Reprinted, with permission, from Ref. [1].).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Huazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.McGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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