Deterioration of Groundwater Quality: Implications and Management
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Groundwater is a major source of providing water which is intensively exploited for domestic, industrial, and agricultural purposes in many places of the world. In India, groundwater is getting contaminated due to geogenic and anthropogenic sources. There are increasingly widespread indicators of degradation in the quality and quantity of groundwater, caused by over-abstraction and inadequate pollution control. Hence, the present study was carried out to assess the geogenic and anthropogenic contaminations in groundwater and its impacts to the inhabitants and the environment. This paper is based on the review of the contaminations due to fluoride, arsenic, iron, nitrate, uranium, etc., in the groundwater system of India. This paper aims to raise the awareness among stakeholders and policymakers, to highlight the groundwater quality issues, to provide an outline for the systematic consideration of the groundwater management, and to formulate approaches for more sustainable management of groundwater resources in developing countries.
KeywordsGroundwater quality Groundwater contamination Fluoride Arsenic Groundwater management
Thanks are extended to Shri Abhijeet Roy and other scientists of the Centre for Groundwater Studies. The second author would like to thank Mr. M. Thirumurugan, Research Scholar, Department of Geology, Anna University, Chennai, for his assistance in the preparation of this chapter.
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