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Rejuvenation of Aquifers

  • S. C. Dhiman
Chapter
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)

Abstract

The unplanned and non-scientific development of ground water resource to meet the exponentially increasing water demand for various societal uses is leading to stress on the aquifer system and over-exploitation of this precious natural resource. Besides, the factors like changing rainfall pattern, urbanisation, life style change, expanding anthropogenic and geogenic pollution and saline water ingress are complicating the ground water stresses further. The paper highlights the different aquifer systems of the country, their recharge potential and scope of rejuvenation. A few examples have been sited to impress upon how a properly designed artificial recharge structure can improve the ground water resource substantially in an area.

Keywords

Aquifers Ground water rejuvenation Artificial recharge Over-exploitation Unsaturated zone Springs 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author is indebted to his former colleagues, viz. Sunil Kumar, Regional Director; Sujeet Sinha, Sc D; S.K. Swaroop, Sc D and Dr. Dipankar Saha of Central Ground Water Board, for their valuable suggestions and support in compiling this article. Significant insights on artificial recharge and traditional practices are developed by interacting with the communities and local level experts whose contribution is also greatly acknowledged.

References

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  2. Chatterjee R, Purohit RR (2009) Estimation of replenishable groundwater resources of India and their status of utilization. Curr Sci 96(12):1581–1591Google Scholar
  3. Saha D, Shekhar S, Ali S, Vittala SS, Raju NJ (2016) Recent hydrogeological research in India. Proc Indian Natl Sci Acad 82(3):787–803Google Scholar
  4. Saha D, Marwaha S, Mukherjee A (2018) Groundwater resources and sustainable management issues in India. In: Saha D, Marwaha S, Mukherjee A (eds) Clean and sustainable groundwater in India. Springer hydrogeology. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-4552-3_1CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. C. Dhiman
    • 1
  1. 1.Former Chairman, Central Ground Water BoardGovernment of IndiaNew DelhiIndia

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