Study of Future Refrigerant for Vapor Compression Refrigeration Systems

  • I. Vinoth kanna
  • K. Subramani
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The historic and current main types of refrigerants are as follows: CFC, HCFC, and HFC. However, all of these have been or will have been replaced in the future because of their effects on the environment. The market is heading in the following directions. One route is the natural refrigerants such as carbon dioxide, ammonia, and hydrocarbons. These all have very low global warming potential (GWP) some even zero, they have good thermodynamic properties also, and many are fairly cheap to manufacture. HFOs are stepping to replace many HFCs as these have much lower GWPs and do not destroy the ozone although some are flammable. With the new laws and regulations coming in, we will have to start retrofitting our systems over to new refrigerants, but one thing to consider for now is the glide of the retrofit blend refrigerants as some of these are quite high. Consideration must be taken for the refrigeration system components to ensure that they will function optimally using these different refrigerants. This study describes the refrigerant, which will be replaced in the future with good ODP and GWP




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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringVel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia

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