Advertisement

Study of Future Refrigerant for Vapor Compression Refrigeration Systems

  • I. Vinoth kanna
  • K. Subramani
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

The historic and current main types of refrigerants are as follows: CFC, HCFC, and HFC. However, all of these have been or will have been replaced in the future because of their effects on the environment. The market is heading in the following directions. One route is the natural refrigerants such as carbon dioxide, ammonia, and hydrocarbons. These all have very low global warming potential (GWP) some even zero, they have good thermodynamic properties also, and many are fairly cheap to manufacture. HFOs are stepping to replace many HFCs as these have much lower GWPs and do not destroy the ozone although some are flammable. With the new laws and regulations coming in, we will have to start retrofitting our systems over to new refrigerants, but one thing to consider for now is the glide of the retrofit blend refrigerants as some of these are quite high. Consideration must be taken for the refrigeration system components to ensure that they will function optimally using these different refrigerants. This study describes the refrigerant, which will be replaced in the future with good ODP and GWP

Keywords

Refrigerant CFC HCFC HFC HFO ODP GWP 

References

  1. 1.
    Vinoth Kanna, I.: Optimisation of the evaporator of a refrigerator employing hydrocarbon as a refrigerant. Int. J. Ambient Energy, 1–8 (2018)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gill, J., Singh, J.: Energy analysis of vapor compression refrigeration system using mixture of R134a and LPG as refrigerant. Int. J. Refrig. 84, 287–299 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chapter 3: Refrigerants—SciTech Connect. Elsevier. http://scitechconnect.elsevier.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/main-15
  4. 4.
    Bayrakçi, H.C., Özgür, A.E.: Energy and exergy analysis of vapor compression refrigeration system using pure hydrocarbon refrigerants. Int. J. Energy Res. 33(12), 1070–1075 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Du, K., Calautit, J., Wang, Z., Wu, Y., Liu, H.: A review of the applications of phase change materials in cooling, heating and power generation in different temperature ranges. Appl. Energy 220, 242–273 (2018). Online publication date: 1-June-2018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Devaraj, A., Yuvarajan, D., Vinoth Kanna, I.: Study on the outcome of a cetane improver on the emission characteristics of a diesel engine. Int. J. Ambient Energy, 1–4 (2018)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Punia, S.S., Singh, J.: An experimental study of the flow of LPG as refrigerant inside an adiabatic helical coiled capillary tube in vapour compression refrigeration system. Heat Mass Transf. 51(11), 1571–1577 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ecosystem—Encyclopedia of earth: www.eoearth.org
  9. 9.
    Vinoth Kanna, I., Devaraj, A., Subramani, K.: Bio diesel production by using Jatropha: the fuel for future. Int. J. Ambient Energy, 1–7 (2018)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vinoth Kanna, I.: Modelling and thermal analysis of air-cooling system with fin pitch in IC engines. Int. J. Ambient Energy, 1–9 (2018)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Imperial Brown—home: sp.imperialmfg.infoGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vinoth Kanna, I., Paturu, P.: A study of hydrogen as an alternative fuel. Int. J. Ambient Energy, 1–4 (2018)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    HONGO, K.: Air conditioning and refrigeration systems by water vapor compression: refrigeration systems utilizing a water refrigerant turbo-refrigerator. In: Proceedings of Conference of Kanto Branch 2002.8(0), pp 123–124 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chopra, K., Sahni, V., Mishra, R.S.: Thermodynamic analyses of multiple evaporators vapor compression refrigeration systems with R410A, R290, R1234YF, R502, R404A, R152A and R134A. Int. J. Air-Cond. Ref. 22, 1450003 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vinoth Kanna, I., Vasudevan, A., Subramani, K.: Internal combustion engine efficiency enhancer by using hydrogen. Int. J. Ambient Energy, 1–4 (2018)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kılıç, B.: Exergy analysis of vapor compression refrigeration cycle with two-stage and intercooler. Heat Mass Transfer 48(7), 1207–1217 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bair, S., Baker, M., Pallister, D.M.: The high-pressure viscosity of refrigerant/oil systems. Lubr. Sci. 29(6), 377–394 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Brown, J.S., Zilio, C., Cavallini, A.: The fluorinated olefin R-1234ze (Z) as a high-temperature heat pumping refrigerant. Int. J. Refrig. 32(6), 1412–1422 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gill, J., Singh, J.: Use of artificial neural network approach for depicting mass flow rate of R134a/LPG refrigerant through straight and helical coiled adiabatic capillary tubes of vapor compression refrigeration system. Int. J. Refrig. 86, 228–238 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hermes, C.J.L.: Refrigerant charge reduction in vapor compression refrigeration cycles via liquid-to-suction heat exchange. Int. J. Refrig. 52, 93–99 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mbarek, W.H., Tahar, K., Ammar, B.B.: Energy efficiencies of three configurations of two-stage vapor compression refrigeration systems. Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 41(7), 2465–2477 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Paturu, P., Vinoth kanna, I.: Experimental investigation of performance and emissions characteristics on single-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine with PSZ coating using radish biodiesel. Int. J. Ambient Energy, 1–10 (2018)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Colorado, D., Rivera, W.: Performance comparison between a conventional vapor compression and compression-absorption single-stage and double-stage systems used for refrigeration. Appl. Therm. Eng. 87, 273–285 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. Kitanovski: Present and future caloric refrigeration and heat-pump technologies. Int. J. Refrig. 57, 288–298 (Sept 2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
    Nagappan, M., Vinoth Kanna, I.: A novel technique and detailed analysis of cars in Indian roads to adopt low ground clearance. Int. J. Ambient Energy, 1–7 (2018)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Vinoth kanna, I., Pinky, D.: Automatic seat level control using MEMS programmed with Lab VIEW. Int. J. Ambient Energy, 1–4 (2018)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Vinoth Kanna, I., Pinky, D.: Investigation of the effects of exhaust and power loss in dual-fuel six-stroke engine with EGR technology. Int. J. Ambient Energy, 1–6 (2018)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Qureshi, B.A., Zubair, S.M.: The effect of refrigerant combinations on performance of a vapor compression refrigeration system with dedicated mechanical sub-cooling. Int. J. Refrig 35(1), 47–57 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Gill, J., Singh, J.: Component-wise exergy and energy analysis of vapor compression refrigeration system using mixture of R134a and LPG as refrigerant. Heat Mass Transf. 54(5), 1367–1380 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringVel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations