Copy-Move Forgery Detection Using Shift-Invariant SWT and Block Division Mean Features

  • Ankit Kumar JaiswalEmail author
  • Rajeev Srivastava
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 524)


Digital images are used in courtrooms as evidence. We cannot predict nativity of the image without forensic analysis. Tampering with the image is common nowadays with a lot of online and offline tools. To hide an object in an image, regions of the same image are copied and pasted on that object, and this is known as copy-move forgery. In this paper, we have introduced a technique to detect such type of forgery, known as CMFD. In this technique, the image is pre-processed by converting RGB into YCbCr and then Y channel is decomposed into four components of translation-invariant stationary wavelet transform (SWT). Its LL (approximation) component is then divided into 8 × 8 blocks. Further, from each block, we have taken six mean features which are calculated by dividing each block into four squares and two triangular blocks and put them into feature vector with block location. After sorting these feature vectors into lexicographical order, we get the location of forged regions.


Copy-move forgery detection Digital image forgery Feature extraction Translation-invariant Stationary wavelet transform 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computing and Vision Lab, Department of Computer Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (BHU) VaranasiVaranasiIndia

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