Power Flattening Study of Ultra-Long Cycle Fast Reactor Core
A design study of ultra-long cycle fast reactor with a rated power of 1000 MWe (UCFR-1000) was performed to flatten its radial power distribution throughout the cycle depletion of the core. It is expected that the flattening of the radial power distribution lowers the power peak factor at the center and consequently the maximum peak temperature of the fuel and clad. Thorium fuel has lower reproduction factor than uranium; thus, thorium-loaded fuel zone has relatively lower power. A lot of test cases were introduced that have thorium-loaded fuel in the inner fuel region to lower the center power peak. Each test case had a different zoning strategy; different fuel forms were loaded for both the upper blanket region and the lower low enrichment uranium (LEU) region. The final evaluation models were designed by loading the thorium-loaded fuel only in the inner blanket for the 1-zone case, in both blanket and LEU regions for the 2-zone case, and in an additional zone for the other cases. It was demonstrated that the fuel zoning has a significant impact on the power flattening, and a gradual fuel zoning can achieve a flattened radial power distribution, and can consequently reduce the maximum power peak.
KeywordsSFR UCFR Power peaking factor Power flattening Thorium fuel
Beginning of cycle
End of cycle
Low enriched uranium
Middle of cycle
Ultra-long cycle fast reactor
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP).
- 4.T. Tak, H. Lee, S. Choi, D. Lee, Power flattening study for ultra-long cycle fast reactor UCFR-1000, in Transactions of America Nuclear Society Summer Meeting, 16–20 June 2013Google Scholar