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Power Flattening Study of Ultra-Long Cycle Fast Reactor Core

  • Taewoo Tak
  • Jiwon Choe
  • Yongjin Jeong
  • Jinsu Park
  • Deokjung LeeEmail author
  • T. K. Kim
Conference paper

Abstract

A design study of ultra-long cycle fast reactor with a rated power of 1000 MWe (UCFR-1000) was performed to flatten its radial power distribution throughout the cycle depletion of the core. It is expected that the flattening of the radial power distribution lowers the power peak factor at the center and consequently the maximum peak temperature of the fuel and clad. Thorium fuel has lower reproduction factor than uranium; thus, thorium-loaded fuel zone has relatively lower power. A lot of test cases were introduced that have thorium-loaded fuel in the inner fuel region to lower the center power peak. Each test case had a different zoning strategy; different fuel forms were loaded for both the upper blanket region and the lower low enrichment uranium (LEU) region. The final evaluation models were designed by loading the thorium-loaded fuel only in the inner blanket for the 1-zone case, in both blanket and LEU regions for the 2-zone case, and in an additional zone for the other cases. It was demonstrated that the fuel zoning has a significant impact on the power flattening, and a gradual fuel zoning can achieve a flattened radial power distribution, and can consequently reduce the maximum power peak.

Keywords

SFR UCFR Power peaking factor Power flattening Thorium fuel 

Nomenclature

BOC

Beginning of cycle

EOC

End of cycle

LEU

Low enriched uranium

MOC

Middle of cycle

NC

Narrow center

NU

Natural uranium

UCFR

Ultra-long cycle fast reactor

WC

Wide center

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP).

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Taewoo Tak
    • 1
  • Jiwon Choe
    • 1
  • Yongjin Jeong
    • 1
  • Jinsu Park
    • 1
  • Deokjung Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. K. Kim
    • 2
  1. 1.Ulsan National Institute of Science and TechnologyUlsanSouth Korea
  2. 2.Argonne National LaboratoryIllinoisUSA

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