Standardization of Feeding Tests in Phytophagous Insects to Host and Nonhost Plants

  • G. Basanagouda
  • K. R. M. Bhanu


To distinguish host or nonhost plant of a phytophagous insect, it is important that a standardized procedure is in place. Disc method used for chewing and biting insects is described in this chapter. The statistical methods that can be employed are also mentioned.


Host plant Nonhost plant Leaf-disc method Feeding stimulants 



The authors would like to thank authorities of the National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, and Pest Control India, Bengaluru, for their encouragement and support.


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Further Reading

  1. Gilbert, B. L., & Norris, D. M. (1968). A chemical basis for bark beetle, distinction between host and non-host trees. Journal of Insect Physiology, 14, 1063–1068.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Shorey, H. H., & Mckelvey, J. J. (Eds.) (1977) Chemical control of insect behaviour: Theory and applications (p. 414). New York: A Wiley Interscience Publications/Wiley.Google Scholar
  3. Stevenson, P. C., Green, P. W. C., Simmonds, M. S. J., & Sharma, H. C. (2005). Physical and chemical mechanisms of plant resistance to Helicoverpa. Recent Research on Chickpea and Pigeon pea. 209–221. In H. C Sharma (Ed.), Heliothis Helicoverpa management: Emerging trends and strategies for future research (p. 469). New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishing company Pvt. Ltd.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Basanagouda
    • 1
  • K. R. M. Bhanu
    • 2
  1. 1.Crop Protection DivisionICAR-National Rice Research InstituteCuttackIndia
  2. 2.Biological Control Research Laboratory, Pest Control IndiaRajanaKunteBengaluruIndia

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