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Higher Education Reform: Focusing on National University Reform

  • Akiko MorozumiEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (EDAP, volume 47)

Abstract

At one time, there was a trend toward strong governmental control in higher education in Japan, even from an international perspective (Clark 1983). This approach attempted to ensure the best educational quality by limiting the number of universities, establishing minimum standards of adherence, and strictly applying “prior regulations.” However, although this governmental regulation ensured consistent quality, the policy was criticized as it was perceived to discourage individuality and the diversification of universities. Thus, in the 1990s, the government adopted a different approach by easing regulations to allow greater university autonomy. For example, in the 1991 Deregulation of University Act, universities were granted a greater degree of freedom in terms of educational content and curricula. Based on the Koizumi administration’s strong move toward structural reform of market principles and free competition, the policy of controlling new extensions to universities and departments was essentially annulled in 2003; instead, a policy was established that changed prior regulations to post-checks, and a third-party evaluation system was introduced.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of EducationThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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