Progress and Prospects of Hairy Root Research

  • Suvi T. HäkkinenEmail author
  • Kirsi-Marja Oksman-Caldentey


Nature’s own genetic engineer Agrobacterium rhizogenes was discovered more than 40 years ago, and an increasing number of publications on the use of hairy roots in biotechnology have been published since – with more than 85% of all the publications during the past 15 years. Hairy roots have been successfully exploited in various fields in biotechnology, including secondary metabolite research, recombinant protein production, and bioremediation, to mention a few. In the following chapter, we will deal with the current state of the art of hairy root research starting from evolutionary facets of hairy root generation and host-bacteria association to a range of applications where hairy roots are efficiently exploited.


Hairy root History Applications Secondary metabolites Bioreactor 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suvi T. Häkkinen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kirsi-Marja Oksman-Caldentey
    • 1
  1. 1.Industrial Biotechnology and Food SolutionsVTT Technical Research Centre of FinlandEspooFinland

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