An Ecological Context Toward Understanding Dengue Disease Dynamics in Urban Cities: A Case Study in Metropolitan Manila, Philippines

  • Thaddeus M. CarvajalEmail author
  • Howell T. Ho
  • Lara Fides T. Hernandez
  • Katherine M. Viacrusis
  • Divina M. Amalin
  • Kozo Watanabe


Dengue fever is considered as a rapidly emerging arthropod-borne viral disease all over the world especially in the Philippines. The disease dynamics of dengue is affected by ecological factors, namely, urbanization and climate. This book review discusses the significance and impact of these ecological factors, most notably to its vector. A case study is presented on how these ecological factors currently affect an urban city, Metro Manila, Philippines. This context is very significant in the control of this arboviral disease.


Aedes mosquito Vector biology Urbanization Climate change 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thaddeus M. Carvajal
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Howell T. Ho
    • 2
  • Lara Fides T. Hernandez
    • 1
  • Katherine M. Viacrusis
    • 1
  • Divina M. Amalin
    • 2
  • Kozo Watanabe
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan
  2. 2.Biology DepartmentDe La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines

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