Normal Visual Field

  • Jia Ma
  • Ning Fan
  • Ningli Wang
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 2)


Sufficient understanding of what is a normal visual field is the premise to identify abnormal visual fields, especially a mildly abnormal one. A normal visual field includes two key points, spatial extent and light sensitivity, as mentioned above, which is a three-dimensional concept:


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. & People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jia Ma
    • 1
  • Ning Fan
    • 2
  • Ningli Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.The First Affiliated Hospital, Kunming Medical UniversityKunmingChina
  2. 2.Shenzhen Eye Hospital, Shenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  3. 3.Department of OphthalmologyBeijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical UniversityBeijingChina

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