Any Visual Field Change Has Reasons: A Case of Glaucoma Combined with Internal Carotid Artery Malformation

  • Li Tang
  • Xuyang Liu
  • Ning Fan
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 2)


Any visual field change has reasons. Therefore, when the visual field defect cannot be explained by the known reasons, the underlying pathogenesis should be analyzed.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. & People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Tang
    • 1
  • Xuyang Liu
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ning Fan
    • 3
  1. 1.West China Hospital, Sichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Xiamen Eye Center of Xiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  3. 3.Shenzhen Eye Hospital, Shenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina

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