Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy and Optic Disc Drusen

  • Xiaojing Pan
  • Ning Fan
  • Xuyang Liu
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 2)


Generally speaking, specific signs are critical to the diagnoses of some diseases. For example, bilateral papilledema is associated with intracranial hypertension. Enlargement of the optic disc cupping and neuroretinal rim thinning are important signs of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). However, we shall question the current diagnosis or go through the differential diagnoses when the typical signs that ought to be shown are not observed. The analysis process for a POAG case is presented as follows.


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    Sato T, Mrejen S, Spaide RF. Multimodal imaging of optic disc drusen. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013;156(2):275–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. & People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaojing Pan
    • 1
  • Ning Fan
    • 2
  • Xuyang Liu
    • 3
    • 2
  1. 1.Shandong Eye Institute, Qingdao Eye HospitalQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Shenzhen Eye Hospital, Shenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  3. 3.Xiamen Eye Center of Xiamen UniversityXiamenChina

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