Optic Chiasm

  • Xuyang Liu
  • Jia Ma
  • Ningli Wang
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 2)


The optic nerve from each eye gathers above the sella turcica to form the optic chiasm. The anatomical region of the optic chiasm is relatively complex, with the pituitary gland located inferiorly, the third ventricle superoposteriorly, the anterior cerebral artery and the anterior communicating artery superoanteriorly, and the internal carotid arteries bilaterally. The tumor, inflammation, trauma, or vascular lesions, etc. at this site may all involve the optic chiasm [1, 2].


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. & People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuyang Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jia Ma
    • 3
  • Ningli Wang
    • 4
  1. 1.Xiamen Eye Center of Xiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  2. 2.Shenzhen Eye Hospital, Shenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  3. 3.The First Affiliated Hospital, Kunming Medical UniversityKunmingChina
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyBeijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical UniversityBeijingChina

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