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Quorum Sensing and Biofilm Formation in Pathogenic and Mutualistic Plant-Bacterial Interactions

  • Rajinikanth MohanEmail author
  • Marie Benton
  • Emily Dangelmaier
  • Zhengqing Fu
  • Akila Chandra Sekhar
Chapter

Abstract

Bacterial quorum sensing plays a cardinal role in determining the outcomes of plant interactions with pathogenic and mutualistic bacteria. This review dwells on the current understanding of how bacterial quorum sensing molecules, their cognate receptors and signaling pathways enable bacteria to interact with a plant host as a community. Suitable habitat niches on the plant, nutritional abundance as well as stress situations can all contribute to the formation of bacterial biofilms on plants and the abundance of nutrients such as host sugar molecules can not only serve as signals, but also as energy substrates and building blocks for biofilm formation. While biofilm formation is increasingly shown to be key to pathogenesis of bacterial plant pathogens, the modulation of plant immunity through QS signals is critical to the tolerance and establishment of mutualistic plant-microbe relationships. A new role for the versatile stress hormone salicylic acid as a possible quorum quenching molecule in plant-pathogen interactions is emerging and will be discussed. Furthermore, genetic studies coupled with -omics scale analysis of gene expression, advances in microscopy and the recent use of interdisciplinary approaches including molecular modeling and docking simulations and in silico and in vitro screening of small molecule compound libraries have provided novel insights into plant biofilm processes. The potential in targeting quorum interactions to control bacterial diseases of plants is discussed.

Keywords

Quorum sensing Plant interactions Virulence factors Bacterial diseases 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajinikanth Mohan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marie Benton
    • 1
  • Emily Dangelmaier
    • 1
  • Zhengqing Fu
    • 2
  • Akila Chandra Sekhar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BiologyColgate UniversityHamiltonUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.Molecular Genetics & Functional Genomics Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, School of Life SciencesYogi Vemana UniversityKadapaIndia

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