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Microbial Social Interactions in Biofilm

  • Jin Zhou
  • Zhong-hua CaiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Biofilm is a kind of biological structure with high complexity and high-self-organizing characteristic. It consists of many kinds of microorganisms and biological matrixes (polysaccharide, protein, fatty acid, etc.), with special structure and ecological function. It plays an important role in microbial colonization, niche construction and environmental adaptation. Many microbial behaviors, such as adventitious infection, toxin production, drug resistance, biofouling, mesh blocking, etc., are related to biofilm. The generation of these events is inundated with diverse microbial behaviors, including signal communication, cooperation/competition, labor division, “bacterial intelligence” under stress condition, etc. These features show more and more sociological characteristics of the biofilm, which provides a new perspective to know biofilm better. Therefore, based on the structure of biofilm, we took the communication signals, collaboration, and intelligent resistance (responsed to the ecological stress, co-evolution) inside biofilm as the core to elaborate its social characteristics, in order to better understand the social interactions in bioflim.

Keywords

Biofilm Social interactions Microbial signals 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School at ShenzhenTsinghua UniversityShenzhenChina

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