Implementation and Analysis of Different Path Loss Models for Cooperative Communication in a Wireless Sensor Network

  • Niveditha Devarajan
  • Sindhu Hak GuptaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 851)


This work aims at showing the effectiveness of Cooperative Communication considering a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). The sensor nodes have adjustable antenna heights. Energy has been considered as a critical parameter for carrying out the comparative analysis of the Cooperative and non- Cooperative scenario (direct communication). Amplify and Forward Cooperative protocol has been implemented for which mathematical modeling has been done to find out the Expression for Energy. For comparative analysis, the expression developed from mathematical modeling, measured values of path loss from a snowy environment and path loss models have been considered. Simulation and analytical results reveal that implementation of Amplify and Forward Cooperative protocol in the WSN shows improvement in the Energy received compared to the non-Cooperative scenario. It has also been observed that Empirical Log-distance model shows a better performance compared to other path loss models considered.


Wireless sensor network Cooperative communication Amplify and forward Path loss Received energy 


  1. 1.
    Kumar, D., Aseri, T.C., Patel, R.B.: EEHC: energy efficient heterogeneous clustered scheme for wireless sensor networks. Comput. Commun. 32(4), 662–667 (2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cheffena, M., Mohamed, M.: Empirical path loss models for wireless sensor network deployment in snowy environments. IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 2877–2880 (2017)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rani, S., Malhotra, J., Talwar, R.: Energy efficient chain based cooperative routing protocol for WSN. Appl. Soft Comput. 35, 386–397 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Butcharoen, S., Pirak, C.: An adaptive cooperative protocol for multi-hop wirelessnetworks. In: 2015 17th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), Seoul, 2015, pp. 620–635Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Katiyar, H., Rastogi, A., Agarwal, R.: Cooperative communication: a review. IETE Tech. Rev. 28(5), 409–417 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Duy, T.T., Kong, H.Y.: On performance evaluation of hybrid decode-amplify-forward relaying protocol with partial relay selection in underlay cognitive networks. J. Commun. Netw. 16(5), 502–511 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kurt, S., Tavli, B.: Path-loss modeling for wireless sensor networks: a review of models and comparative evaluations. IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 59(1), 18–37 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Iqbal, Z., Kim, K., Lee, H.N.: A cooperative wireless sensor network for indoor industrial monitoring. IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 13(2), 482–491 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bharati, S., Zhuang, W., Thanayankizil, L.V., Bai, F.: Link-layer cooperation based on distributed TDMA MAC for vehicular networks. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 66(7), 6415–6427 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringAmity University Uttar PradeshNoidaIndia

Personalised recommendations