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Contextual Factors Affecting the Modes of Interaction in Governance: The Case of Dam Removal in Japan

  • Tomohiko Ohno
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter discusses the first Japanese case of dam removal policy. The Arase Dam in Kumamoto Prefecture was built for hydropower generation as a symbol of economic development in 1955. After its construction, local residents came to realize the damage caused by the dam, such as flood damage and eutrophication of the reservoir. In parallel with the anti-dam construction movement, at another site in the same river basin, the local village and fishermen began to ask the prefectural government to remove the Arase Dam when the permit for hydropower generation expired in 2003. Until the governor of the prefecture decided to remove the dam, there had been a series of complex interactions among different levels of government, local residents, fishery cooperatives, and downstream farmers, with political dynamics from changes of top leaders in elections. This chapter focuses on the contextual factors in interactive governance and stresses the importance of resistance strategy, which has been discussed in case studies of local commons in Japan, rather than collaborative governance discussed in many water governance studies.

Keywords

Dam removal Arase Dam Interactive governance Collaborative governance Resistance strategy Power imbalance Contextual factor River policy Japan 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Some fieldworks for this study were jointly conducted with the support of Gaku Mitsumata, Daisaku Shimada, and Kazuki Kagohashi. This study is partly supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP 16K16236.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Law, Institute of Human and Social SciencesKanazawa UniversityKanazawaJapan

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