Knowledge and Technologies Born from Livelihoods: Emergence of Satoumi and Self-Harvesting Forestry in Japan

  • Shigeru YanakaEmail author
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)


This chapter discusses knowledge and technologies born from two different livelihoods: fisheries and forestry in Japan. In the case of the former, livelihood technologies, including seaweed aquaculture techniques, have been adapted for coral aquaculture, involving people from different sectors with diverse standpoints and relationships to corals. The Mozuku Seaweed Fund, built up through purchases by consumers, has been used to help fishers engage in coral aquaculture and planting activities. By nurturing healthy coral environments, a cycle has been created in which increased biodiversity and ecosystem services translates into the production of high-quality Mozuku seaweed (Nemacystus decipiens). In the case of the latter, through the concept of “self-employed and self-harvesting forestry,” the livelihood technologies of “durable forest roads” and “small-scale inexpensive forestry machinery” have become tools for reincorporating forests into the daily lives of people in local communities. Anyone can be involved with forests by taking up forestry as a livelihood, thereby enabling people to make full use of the resources of the forest. From the perspective of governance of the commons, these initiatives are noteworthy because those with these livelihoods often transcend the framework of private rights to generate knowledge and technologies for promoting sustainable use of ecosystem services.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tottori UniversityTottoriJapan

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