Advertisement

International Systems Deployed at the Local Level: UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme in Japan

  • Akiko Sakai
  • Hiroyuki Matsuda
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)

Abstract

This paper examines the history of and reasons behind the acceptance by local communities in Japan of Biosphere Reserves, a global initiative established through UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme, as well as their challenges and future directions. The effective utilization of international systems necessitates processes which give rise to a range of collective actions through the knowledge translation of the systems concerned. Here “knowledge translation” means translation of knowledge, rules and concepts between global and local actors based on the principle and original criteria established in a general and comprehensive context. In the case of Biosphere Reserves, the translated systems emphasize municipalities as a particularly important actor at the national level, while at the local level, the work of residential researchers, who live for an extended time in the area of research, has been equally important. Adding to the processes, this paper draws on specific case studies to examine the types of areas that should be registered and the kinds of management that they require to develop as platforms for social learning that seek to realize the global principles of the MAB.

References

  1. Cabinet Office, Government of Japan (2006) Public-opinion poll on protection and use of nature (自然の保護と利用に関する世論調査). Poll in June 2006 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  2. Goda M (1998) Kind heart – why did town planning in Aya succeed? (結いの心 ─綾の町づくりはなぜ成功したか─). Business-sha, Tokyo, 241pp (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  3. Iida Y, Nakamura S (eds) (2016) Mount Hakusan Biosphere Reserve: creating a new path for communities and nature. UNU-IAS OUIK, Kanazawa, 116ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Mizutani M, Ida H (2015) Introduction to Shiga-highland Biosphere Reserve: field visit guide for the 14th Meeting of UNESCO-MAB East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (EABRN-14). Shiga-highland UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Council, Nagano Prefecture Yamanouchi Town Office, Nagano, 30ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Nakamura S, Nakada S, Yamaguchi T (2016) The management of Mount Hakusan Biosphere Reserve. In: Iida H, Nakamura S (eds) Mount Hakusan Biosphere Reserve: creating a new path way for communities and nature. UNU-IAS OUIK, Kanazawa, pp 24–29Google Scholar
  6. Nakao S (1966) The origins of cultivated plants and farming (栽培植物と農耕の起源). Iwanami Shoten, Tokyo, 192pp (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  7. Okada M (1988) Manmade biosphere and its conservation – European MAB and biosphere conservation area (人間によって作られた生物圏とその保存 ─ヨーロッパのMABと生物圏保存地域─). Jpn InfoMAB 2:5–6 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  8. Okano T (2012) Japanese activities in biodiversity conservation and biosphere reserves in Japan (我が国の生物多様性保全の取組と生物圏保存地域). Jpn J Ecol 62:375–385 (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  9. Osawa M (2008) The global position of Japan’s protected areas and future issues (日本の保護地域のグローバルな位置づけと今後の課題). In: The Nature Conservation Society of Japan (ed) Nature preserves and their conservation of diversity as seen from ecology perspective. Kodansha, Tokyo, pp 236–242 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  10. Sakai A (2016) UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme and biosphere reserves in Japan. In: Iida H, Nakamura S (eds) Mount Hakusan Biosphere Reserve: creating a new path way for communities and nature. UNU-IAS OUIK, Kanazawa, pp 20–23Google Scholar
  11. Sakai A, Matsuda H (2016) Biosphere Reserve as an effective institution for realizing sustainable society (特集「持続可能社会を実現するための実効性のある制度としてのユネスコエコパークの可能性」趣旨説明). Jpn J Ecol 66:119–120 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  12. Shirai N (2015) Local authority environmental policy (地方自治体の環境政策). In: Washida T, Aoyanagi M (eds) Environment actors and organizations. Iwanami Shoten, Tokyo, pp 137–158 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  13. Shumiya T, Okonogi H, Kawano K, Ishida T, Soma M (2013) Conservation of endangered ecosystem of warm-temperate evergreen broad-leaved forest (lucidophyllus forest) with local community: implementation of collaborative management in Aya Town, southern Kyushu, Japan (照葉樹林生態系を地域とともに守る─宮崎県綾町での取り組みから─). Jpn J Conserv Ecol 18:225–238 (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  14. Shumiya T, Kawano N, Kawano K, Ishida T, Shimomura Y, Soma M, Okonogi H, Doke T (2016) Initial responses for three years after registration of Aya Biosphere Reserve, Miyazaki, southern Japan (ユネスコエコパーク登録後の宮崎県綾町の動向 ─世界が注目するモデル地域─). Jpn J Ecol 66:121–134 (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  15. Suzuki W, Nakano Y, Sakai A (2016) Tadami Biosphere Reserve: initiative of a mountainous town for sustainable development to overcome depopulation and aging society, using nature resources (只見ユネスコエコパークが目指すもの -過疎・高齢化に直面する山間地域における自然環境と資源を活用した地域振興―). Jpn J Ecol 66:135–146 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  16. Tadami Town Hall (2014) Protecting & harnessing the lifestyles, culture and nature of snow country: Tadami Biosphere Reserve– philosophy & overview. Fukushima, Japan, TadamiGoogle Scholar
  17. Takai Y (1988) Structure and major activities of the MAB Programme in Japan. Jpn InfoMAB 3:1–4Google Scholar
  18. Tanaka T (2016) A comparative analysis of national networks of international conservation institutions: World Heritage Convention, Ramsar Convention, UNESCO MAB Programme, and Global Geopark Network (国際的な自然保護制度を対象とした国内ネットワークの比較研究 ―世界遺産条約,ラムサール条約,ユネスコMAB 計画,世界ジオパークネットワーク―). Jpn J Ecol 66:155–164 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  19. UNESCO (1996) Biosphere reserves: the Seville strategy and the statutory framework of the world network. UNESCO, Paris, p 18Google Scholar
  20. UNESCO (2008) Madrid action plan for biosphere reserves (2008–2013). http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0016/001633/163301e.pdf. Accessed 31 Mar 2018
  21. UNESCO (2013) Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme, biosphere reserve nomination form, January 2013. http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/ecological-sciences/biosphere-reserves/designation-process. Accessed 31 Mar 2018
  22. UNESCO (2014) International Coordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme, twenty-sixth session, item 11 of the provisional agenda: update on the exit strategy. http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/SC/pdf/SC-14-CONF-226-9_exit_strategy_en_01.pdf. Accessed 31 Mar 2018
  23. UNESCO (2016) Lima Action Plan for UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme and its World Network of Biosphere Reserves (2016–2025). http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/SC/pdf/Lima_Action_Plan_en_final.pdf. Accessed 31 Mar 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yokohama National UniversityYokohamaJapan

Personalised recommendations