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Using Computer Simulation for Effective Tsunami Risk Communication

  • Michinori HatayamaEmail author
  • Fuko Nakai
Chapter
Part of the Integrated Disaster Risk Management book series (IDRM)

Abstract

With the lessons learned in the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, the Japanese Cabinet Office recalculated some existing disaster assumptions. As a result, the Nankai Trough has been assessed as being at risk for a huge earthquake and tsunami. Evacuation plans have been reconsidered in each Japanese administrative sector to be more practical for saving resident’s lives. However, two problems arise concerning tsunami evacuation planning. First, such a disaster creates an infinitely complex situation because of the many factors involved. Second, it is difficult to verify whether any plans will actually work. Therefore, we cannot fully demonstrate the feasibility of these plans. To cope with these difficulties, computer simulation is well known as an effective way to verify plans. In this chapter, an effective process to propose feasible options on tsunami evacuation for residents by combining two approaches will be discussed. The first is a computer simulation that calculates a large variety of evacuation situations to find their most effective behaviors. The second proposes practical methods for testing the behaviors proposed by the results of simulation. The process appears to be effective in developing improved evacuation plans for residents.

Keywords

Evacuation plan Tsunami Multi-agent simulation (MAS) Disaster risk communication Geographic information system (GIS) Feasibility study 

References

  1. Cabinet Office, Government of Japan (2011) Report of the committee for technical investigation on countermeasures for earthquakes and Tsunamis based on the lessons learned from the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake. Web Page of Disaster Prevention Information, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan. http://www.bousai.go.jp/kaigirep/chousakai/tohokukyokun/pdf/Report.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2018
  2. Central Disaster Management Council, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan (2013) Second Report of Meeting for Mega Quake Model in the Nankai Trough, Tsunami Fault Model Version (Nankai torafu no kyodai jishin moderu kentoukai, dainiji houkoku, tsunami dansou moderu hen). Cabinet Office, Government of Japan. http://www.bousai.go.jp/jishin/nankai/taisaku/pdf/20120829_2nd_report01.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2018 (in Japanese)
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Nagoya Institute of TechnologyNagoyaJapan

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