Somatic Hybridization for Microalgae Domestication
Microalgae biotechnology represents a new era for investigation in the human future concerning bioenergy, food, and environment relief. This emerging technology is still under investigation to suit the expected beneficial outcomes conditional to selection of high-yielding strains through domestication as major food crops we know today that are best exemplified by the long selective breeding walk from teosinte to modern high-yielding seed corn. Somatic hybridization has a potential to generate thousands of new combinations of genetic variations and new contexts for gene expression, thanks to its ability to overcome the incompatibility barriers between unrelated species and its nature to allow both nuclei and cytoplasmic genome exchanges. Application of somatic hybridization to microalgae biotechnology would certainly revive this old forgotten approach, biased by modern recombinant DNA technology, as a natural and powerful mean for asexual breeding.
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