Stress Response of Microalgae and Its Manipulation for Development of Robust Strains
Microalgae are promising producers of lipids and various valuable chemicals. Improved production titers and productivities of the desired products will reduce the production cost and subsequently benefit industrialization of microalgal biorefinery. Accumulation of lipids and valuable products in microalgae is commonly triggered by various stress factors. However, microalgal growth is compromised under stress conditions. Therefore, understanding stress response of microalgae and manipulation of stress conditions may enable development of robust microalgae strains that efficiently produce target molecules. In this chapter, recent advances in manipulating environmental stresses for lipids and pigment accumulation in microalgae are summarized, and development of superior microalgal strains as the efficient microbial cell factories based on omics approaches are highlighted.
KeywordsMicroalgae Biorefinery Stress response Omics analysis Adaptive laboratory evolution
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