Novel Architecture for Internet of Things and Blockchain Technologies

  • Chetna DabasEmail author
  • Aniket Dabas
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 847)


Diverse companies and platforms are falling madly in love with the blockchain technology in the present scenario. So, it is of due importance that the relations among the different types of blockchains are established. Further, the extraction of capabilities of strengths of diverse blockchains catering to different kind of micro-services is a crucial step toward the realistic blockchain. This issue even became of utmost significance when specifically the researchers are dealing with Internet of things (IoT) purposes. The IoT in general is composed of a wide spectrum of technologies varying from soft real time to hard real time, from stateless through state full, and from unconstrained to constrained. Therefore, for all definite implementations, no definite blueprint of the IoT architecture may be referenced. When it comes to blockchain technology melded with IoT, the existing literature seems to lack a hybrid architecture which contains the best of both these worlds. This research paper proposes a hybrid architecture for IoT and blockchain along with the evaluation of this architecture by implementing an application for the same. The application is for a common user using these technologies which enable the user to select among diverse cryptocurrencies efficiently. The evaluation of the proposed architecture is carried out by implementing blockchain on IoT devices. The results retrieved as a part of this work are encouraging in terms of execution times.


Internet of things Blockchain Radio frequency identification IoT architecture 


  1. 1.
    Huckle, S., Bhattacharya, R., White, M., Beloff, N.: Internet of things, blockchain and shared economy applications. Procedia Comput. Sci. 98, 461–466 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Molnar, D., Wagner, D.: Privacy and security in library RFID: issues, practices, and architectures. In: Proceedings of the 11th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, pp. 210–219. ACM, Oct 2004Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bolic, M., Simplot-Ryl, D., Stojmenovic, I. (eds.): RFID systems: research trends and challenges. Wiley, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Buyya, R., Yeo, C.S., Venugopal, S., Broberg, J., Brandic, I.: Cloud computing and emerging IT platforms: vision, hype, and reality for delivering computing as the 5th utility. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 25(6), 599–616 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Moreno-Vozmediano, R., Montero, R.S., Llorente, I.M.: IaaS cloud architecture: from virtualized datacenters to federated cloud infrastructures. Computer 45(12), 65–72 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhu, J.: Cloud computing technologies and applications. In: Handbook of Cloud Computing, pp. 21–45. Springer, Boston (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Al-Dhuraibi, Y., Paraiso, F., Djarallah, N., Merle, P.: Elasticity in cloud computing: state of the art and research challenges. IEEE Trans. Serv. Comput. 11(2), 430–447 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Malik, S.U.R., Khan, S.U., Ewen, S.J., Tziritas, N., Kolodziej, J., Zomaya, A.Y., Malluhi, Q.M.: Performance analysis of data intensive cloud systems based on data management and replication: a survey. Distrib. Parallel Databases 34(2), 179–215 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kapoor, S., Dabas, C.: Cluster based load balancing in cloud computing. In: Eighth International Conference on Contemporary Computing (IC3), pp. 76–81. IEEE, Aug 2015Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dabas, C., Gupta, J.P.: A cloud computing architecture framework for scalable RFID. In: Proceedings of the International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists, vol. 1, Mar 2010Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zheng, Z., Xie, S., Dai, H.N., Wang, H.: Blockchain challenges and opportunities: a survey. Work Paper (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cachin, C.: Architecture of the hyperledger blockchain fabric. In: Workshop on Distributed Cryptocurrencies and Consensus Ledgers, vol. 310, July 2016Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zheng, Z., Xie, S., Dai, H., Chen, X., Wang, H.: An overview of blockchain technology: architecture, consensus, and future trends. In: IEEE International Congress on Big Data (BigData Congress), pp. 557–564. IEEE, June 2017Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gubbi, J., Buyya, R., Marusic, S., Palaniswami, M.: Internet of things (IoT): a vision, architectural elements, and future directions. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 29(7), 1645–1660 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yang, Z., Yue, Y., Yang, Y., Peng, Y., Wang, X., Liu, W.: Study and application on the architecture and key technologies for IOT. In: International Conference on Multimedia Technology (ICMT), pp. 747–751. IEEE, July 2011Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Khan, M.A., Salah, K.: IoT security: review, blockchain solutions, and open challenges. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 82, 395–411 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Uckelmann, D., Harrison, M., Michahelles, F.: An architectural approach towards the future internet of things. In: Architecting the Internet of Things, pp. 1–24. Springer, Berlin (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kraijak, S., Tuwanut, P.: A survey on IoT architectures, protocols, applications, security, privacy, real-world implementation and future trends (2015)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Al-Fagih, A.E., Al-Turjman, F.M., Alsalih, W.M., Hassanein, H.S.: A priced public sensing framework for heterogeneous IoT architectures. IEEE Trans. Emerg. Top. Comput. 1(1), 133–147 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Xu, X., Weber, I., Staples, M., Zhu, L., Bosch, J., Bass, L., Pautasso, C., Rimba, P.: A taxonomy of blockchain-based systems for architecture design. In: IEEE International Conference on Software Architecture (ICSA), pp. 243–252. IEEE, Apr 2017Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Khan, R., Khan, S.U., Zaheer, R., & Khan, S.: Future internet: the internet of things architecture, possible applications and key challenges. In: 10th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT), pp. 257–260. IEEE, Dec, 2012Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhou, L., Chao, H.C. Multimedia traffic security architecture for the internet of things. IEEE Netw. 25(3) (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Dabas, A.C., Balhara, B.M., Gupta, C.J.P.: CDMA based anti-collision deterministic algorithm for RFID tags. Int. J. Recent Trends Eng. 1(1), 603 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CSEJaypee Institute of Information TechnologyNoidaIndia
  2. 2.Erricson India Global Services Pvt. Ltd.NoidaIndia

Personalised recommendations