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Flavonoid Secondary Metabolite: Biosynthesis and Role in Growth and Development in Plants

  • Vinay KumarEmail author
  • Upsana Suman
  • Rubal
  • Sudesh Kumar Yadav
Chapter

Abstract

Flavonoids are main class of secondary metabolites and occur in different tissues and organs in diverse plant species. The higher accumulation of flavonoids in a wide variety of fruits and vegetables increases their economical value because flavonoids are good for human health. It has been established that flavonoids help the plants to protect against adverse environmental constraints and have not played a significant role in plant growth and development. A number of recent reports provided strong evidences in support of significant role of flavonoids in growth and development. The objective of this chapter is to provide an overview of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway and review the significant contribution of flavonoids in growth and development of plants. This study provides an in-depth understanding of the role of flavonoids and is useful for further manipulation of flavonoids for growth and development of wide types of plant species.

Keywords

Flavonoids Growth Adaptation Development Plants 

Abbreviations

ANR

Anthocyanin reductase

APX

Ascorbate peroxidase

CAT

Catalase

CHI

Chalcone isomerase

CHS

Chalcone synthase

DFR

Dihydroflavonol reductase

EC

Epicatechins

FLS

Flavonol synthase

GR

Glutathione reductase

GT

Glycosyl transferase

NADH

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrate

PAL

Phenylalanine ammonia lyase

PHE

Phenylalanine

ROS

Reactive oxidant species

UBGAT

UDP-glucuronate/baicalein 7-O-glucuronosyltransferase

UV

Ultraviolet

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors express sincere thanks to the Vice Chancellor of Central University of Punjab for providing the basic facility for conducting the work in laboratory.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vinay Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Upsana Suman
    • 1
  • Rubal
    • 1
  • Sudesh Kumar Yadav
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant Sciences, School for Basic and Applied SciencesCentral University of Punjab (CUPB)BathindaIndia
  2. 2.Center of Innovative and Applied Bioprocessing (CIAB)MohaliIndia

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