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Phytoremediation of Metal and Metalloids from Contaminated Soil

  • Haythum M. Salem
  • Ali Abdel-Salam
  • Mohamed A. Abdel-Salam
  • Mahmoud F. Seleiman
Chapter

Abstract

Many of heavy metals in soil are essential nutrients for plant species, when they are presented in low to reasonable contents. However, if they are extremely toxic, they would be hazardous; and some may form free radicals. The principal causes of heavy metal contamination in soils can be deposition of pollutants on the soil; industrial sewage effluents whether disposed into water bodies or directly on the soil; sewage sediments; polluted organic manures and mineral fertilizers; pesticide chemicals and vehicles exhaust fumes. Remediation of the environment to get rid of such noxious toxic metals and materials is highly costly. Safe non-costly methods are through using plants to remove such metals and toxic pollutants, i.e. phytoremediation. In the current chapter, remediation methods of contaminated soil and hyper accumulator plants were discussed.

Keywords

Environmental pollutants Heavy metals Phytoremediation Cadmium Abiotic stress 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haythum M. Salem
    • 1
  • Ali Abdel-Salam
    • 1
  • Mohamed A. Abdel-Salam
    • 1
  • Mahmoud F. Seleiman
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of soils and water, Faculty of AgricultureBenha UniversityBanhaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Crop Sciences, Faculty of AgricultureMenoufia UniversityShibin El-komEgypt
  3. 3.Plant Production Department, College of Food and Agriculture SciencesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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