Advertisement

Risk Assessment for Planning the Nulear Power Plants Construction in the Areas of Karst Development

  • E. Stanis
  • K. Shunenkova
  • A. Anikeev
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

When choosing a site for the construction of high-risk objects, it is necessary to take into account all the processes that may adversely affect the safety of the station. In connection with planning the construction of nuclear power plant in the region, where karst is the most dangerous process, several methods of assessing karst risk have been developed. Formulas, that allow to find physical damage from the destruction of territories and engineering objects by geological processes, are written in the article. It is shown that physical risk values are used as the basis for constructing a scale that allows to objectively evaluate the degree of failure hazard by two generally accepted indicators - the average diameter of karst-suffosion sinkholes and the intensity of their formation. The physical risk of land loss is the simple integral characteristic of the both probability and strength of karst impact on the technosphere objects. The evaluation of karst danger of territory of construction of object of the raised danger is given.

Keywords

Karst Karst-suffusion sinkholes Danger Risk Nuclear power plants 

References

  1. Anikeev AV (2016) Sinkhole hazard and risk of its farmation in karst areas: main indices, approaches and methods of evaluation. Eng Geol 5:10–18Google Scholar
  2. Anikeev AV (2017) Dips and funnel subsidence in karst areas: formation mechanisms, prognosis and risk assessment. RUDN University, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  3. Canadian Geotechnical Society (2006) Canadian foundation engineering manual. 4th edn, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  4. European comission (2013) Eurocode 7: geotechnical design. Publications Office of the European Union, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  5. Federal Agency for Construction and Housing and Communal Services (2012) Engineering site investigations for nuclear power plants construction. Federal Agency for Construction and Housing and Communal Services, Moscow, RussiaGoogle Scholar
  6. Golubeva LV (1953) On the density of karst funnels in various geomorphological conditions. The report of the USSRAS, vol 90, no 1, pp 186–191Google Scholar
  7. Government of the Russian Federation (2009) Resolution No. 45 on the procedure for conducting state expertise of project documentation and the results of engineering surveys. Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, RussiaGoogle Scholar
  8. Kammerer F (1962) Engineering geological methods in lands and subsidenc. Freib. Forsch.-H., Berlin, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  9. Kostarev VP (1979) On the quantitative indicators of karst and their use in the engineering-geological assessment of karst areas. Engineering and construction surveys, no 1Google Scholar
  10. Makeev ZA (1947) Karst and issues of underground flow. In: Abstracts of the Molotov Karst Conference, pp 10–12Google Scholar
  11. Martin VI (1979) Methods of zoning of karstic territories according to the degree of stability for construction. Engineering and construction surveys, no 3Google Scholar
  12. Office of nuclear regulatory research (2010) 1.28. Regulatory Guide. US Nuclear Regulatory Comission, United StatesGoogle Scholar
  13. Savarenskiy IA, Mironov NA (1995) Rukovodstvo po inzhenerno- geologicheskim izyskaniyam v rajonah razvitiya karsta [Guide to engineering and geological surveys in the areas of karst development]. Industrial and Research Institute for Engineering Surveys in the Construction, Moscow, RussiaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeoenvironmentPeoples Frendship University of Russia, (RUDN University)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Environmental Geoscience, RASMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations