Framework for Engaging Unionised Employees

  • Jan Hendrick Nel
  • Bennie Linde


This chapter presents the findings of the systematic review of the literature to produce a narrative around the evidence in order to bring into focus suitable propositions to develop a framework to address the low levels of engagement in a unionised environment. The evidence relating to the antecedents within the general workforce and the newly discovered antecedents associated with high levels of employee engagement in a unionised environment, were synthesised to determine the elements to be included in the overall framework. Eleven propositions emerged from the evidence synthesis which has been used to create the conceptual framework. The framework illustrates how job design factors, trust and integrity, individual characteristics, collaborative partnerships, voice, HRM practices, leadership and line managers’ behaviour and individual characteristics influence engagement.


Findings Framework Levels of engagement Propositions Synthesis 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Hendrick Nel
    • 1
  • Bennie Linde
    • 2
  1. 1.People and Business SolutionsBDO South AfricaJohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.Economic and Management FacultyNorth-West UniversityPotchefstroomSouth Africa

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