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Biochemical, Physiological and Molecular Defence Mechanisms of Tea Plants Against Pathogenic Agents Under Changing Climate Conditions

  • Aziz Karakaya
  • Murat Dikilitas
Chapter

Abstract

Tea is one of the most widely consumed beverages after water in the world. It has delicate requirements in terms of agricultural and factorial processing. Tea is a popular drink; however, its biotic and abiotic stresses are lowering the quality of brewed tea. Researchers have concentrated mostly on its cultivation and processing or its sustainability and breeding. One of the main reasons behind this, tea needs specific places such as tropic or subtropic areas with high altitude and irrigation regimes. However, its diseases are as important as other diseases of crop plants. Moreover, diseases on tea could have more impact due to extensive climate changes that could have potential to reduce crop production through increased temperature, reduced humidity and prolonged drought conditions. The microorganisms adapted to live in these harsh conditions would also create more drastic consequences via increased levels of toxins and pathogenic enzymes that would increase the pathogenicity and the virulence of the microorganisms as well as reducing crop productivity and quality. In this chapter, we evaluated diseases occurring on tea plants and biochemical, physiological and molecular defence mechanisms of tea plants against pathogenic agents. Possible behaviours of pathogenic agents under projected climate change issues are also discussed.

Keywords

Tea diseases Camellia sinensis Tea defence mechanisms Climate change 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of AgricultureAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of AgricultureHarran UniversityŞanlıurfaTurkey

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