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Photocatalysis pp 275-305 | Cite as

Roles and Properties of Cocatalysts in Semiconductor-Based Materials for Efficient CO2 Photoreduction

  • Jinlong Zhang
  • Baozhu Tian
  • Lingzhi Wang
  • Mingyang Xing
  • Juying Lei
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Chemistry book series (LNC, volume 100)

Abstract

With the development of human society, excessive CO2 emission has caused a series of environmental problems. Semiconductor-based CO2 photocatalytic reduction (CO2PR) technology could not only replace the traditional fossil fuels into renewable solar energy but also address the above problematic CO2 emission, which has attracted worldwide attentions. Generally, the CO2PR reaction involved three key steps: light excitation of the semiconductor, photo-generated electron/hole pair separation and transfer, and the surface catalytic reactions. However, without modifications, bare semiconductors often show poor performance in both the activity and the selectivity in CO2PR. Hopefully, with the assistance of suitable cocatalysts, the performance of the photocatalyst composite can be greatly enhanced. In this chapter, we summarized the most efficient and common cocatalysts in CO2PR such as metal or alloy nanoparticles (NPs), graphene, carbon dots, metal organic frameworks (MOFs), semiconductors, etc. in recent years. Besides the synthesis methods and CO2PR evaluation measurements, we focused on the discussion of the distinct roles and properties of the cocatalysts combined with the advanced characterization techniques. Lastly, a short perspective further points out the challenge and limitations in this field. We hope this review could bring inspiration to the development of highly efficient photocatalytic system in CO2PR through the deep understanding of the roles of cocatalysts in the CO2PR reaction.

Keywords

Cocatalysts CO2 reduction Photocatalytic Mechanism CH4 generation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinlong Zhang
    • 1
  • Baozhu Tian
    • 1
  • Lingzhi Wang
    • 1
  • Mingyang Xing
    • 1
  • Juying Lei
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials & Institute of Fine ChemicalsEast China University of Science & TechnologyShanghaiChina

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