• Manju A. Lal


Energy requirement for growth and functions in all living beings is met through ATP generated during respiration. Additionally in plants, light energy is conserved as ATP and NADPH, which are subsequently utilized for CO2 assimilation. Besides, carbohydrates thus synthesized are consumed by animals as the primary source of energy. Though in animals lipids may also be consumed, in plants carbohydrates remain the main energy source. Plants store carbohydrates mainly as starch since it is osmotically inactive. All carbon accumulation in plants is the result of photosynthesis, which remains the source of energy as well as for biosynthesis of various other biomolecules. In cells hexose monophosphate pool constitutes an important component of carbohydrate metabolism. Hexose monophosphate pool maintained in cells consists of glucose 6-phosphate, glucose 1-phosphate, and fructose 6-phosphate. At the sinks, sucrose translocated from source is consumed during respiration. Respiration is an exergonic redox reaction with ΔG0′ value −5760 kJ.mol−1 of sucrose. Sucrose is oxidized to CO2 coupled with the reduction of O2 to water as follows:


Acetyl-CoA Anaplerotic reactions Cyanide-resistant respiration Fermentation Glycolysis NADH shuttle Oxidative pentose phosphate pathway Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex Tricarboxylic acid cycle Ubiquinone 

Suggested Further Readings

  1. Browsher C, Steer M (2008) In: Tobin A (ed) Plant biochemistry. Garland Science, Taylor & Francis Group, New York, pp 143–192Google Scholar
  2. Campbell MK, Farrell SO (2012) Biochemistry, 7th edn. Cengage Learning, Stanford, pp 481–506Google Scholar
  3. Nelson DL, Cox MM (2017) Lehninger principles of biochemistry, 7th edn. WH Freeman, MacMillan Learning, New York, pp 533–570Google Scholar
  4. Taiz L, Zieger E, Moller IM, Murphy A (2015) Plant Physiology and Development, 6th edn. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Publishers, Sunderland, pp 317–339Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manju A. Lal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyKirori Mal College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations