If You Can’t Sacrifice Your Life, Sacrifice Your Data: Online Activism of Indonesian ISIS Supporters
Nava Nuraniyah’s chapter provides readers with an in-depth analysis of Indonesian Islamic State supporters’ activity on the encrypted messaging app Telegram. Nuraniyah explains that when it comes to choosing an online platform, extremists have four main criteria: user-friendliness, free of charge, security and privacy, and leadership initiative. By tracing the evolution of the extremist online community since the early 2000s, she demonstrates the role of local and international leadership in dictating the direction of online jihad and in setting up the channels and websites used by their followers. With regard to Indonesian supporters, the main function of these types of social media groups has been “about accelerating individuals’ radicalisation process through intensive socialisation”, not about encouraging lone wolves. Nuraniyah concludes by highlighting the need for a more targeted online counter-narrative effort.