• P. R. Kumaraswamy
  • Muddassir Quamar
  • Manjari Singh
Part of the Persian Gulf book series (PEGU)


The non-Arab and Shia-majority Iran is one of the most important countries of the Middle East and is a regional power in the Persian Gulf. The Islamic Republic of Iran sees and depicts itself as a peaceful country which has never been aggressive towards its neighbours and wishes to be recognized as a legitimate actor in all the regional affairs. On the contrary, its Gulf Arab neighbours, especially Saudi Arabia and Bahrain perceive Iran as a regional hegemon that aspires to ‘Persianize’ the Gulf and to undermine the Sunni Arab monarchies and even the Saudi control over the Two Holy Mosques. These place India in a quandary.

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. R. Kumaraswamy
    • 1
  • Muddassir Quamar
    • 2
  • Manjari Singh
    • 3
  1. 1.School of International Studies, CWASJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Institute for Defence Studies & AnalysesNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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