Advertisement

The Concept of Reality in Quantum Mechanics and Śūnyavāda: From the Perspective of Yoga

  • Geo Lyong Lee
Chapter

Abstract

There is a considerable similarity between the physical concept of reality implied by quantum physics and the philosophical concept of reality articulated by Nāgārjuna. For neither is there a fundamental core to reality, rather reality consists of systems of complementary and interacting objects (dharmas). From the perspective of sādhanā (practice), the Mādhyamaka and the Yoga have something in common in that both of them head toward nothingness of “I-ness” (ahaṃkāra). As long as there is “the I,” no-self (anattā) cannot come out, and “non-duality” cannot be realized. The goal of yoga is essentially to cause the mind to become like zero. When we look at the complementarity and interaction of the particles with the observer, we find interesting correspondences between quantum physics and Mādhyamika philosophy. This observation or mental involvement is actually also apparent in the area of yoga and meditation. In fact, one of the most important aspects of yoga practice, even in haṭha-yoga, is this mental involvement. There is a maxim in the field of yoga: “Cakras are fed with observation of yogi.” This means that the act of observation turns potentiality of cakras into actuality.

Keywords

Mādhyamika Anātman Śūnyavāda Pratītyasamutpāda Awaking of Cakras Darśana 

References

  1. 1.
    Baggott J. The quantum story: a history in 40 moments. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2011.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bohr N. Atomic physics and the description of nature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1934.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Encyclopædia Britannica.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lee GL. The salvational meaning of the Śarīra (body) represented in Āyurveda, yoga and Tantra: focusing on the parallel structure of five elements (Pañca-mahābhūta), the multi-layer structure of five covers (Pañca-kośa) and the bipolar structure of Śiva-Śakti. J Korean Soc Indian Philos. 2013;39:135–70.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hinterberger T, von Stillfried N. The concept of complementality and its role in quantum entanglement and generalized entanglement. Axiomathes. 2012; 22(1).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nayak GC. Mādhyamika Śūyatā - A Reappraisal. Indian Council of Philosophical Research: New Delhi; 2001.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    The Śiva-saṃhitā, − A Critical Edition & English Translation by James Mallinson; 2007. YogaVidyam.com.
  8. 8.
    Vedral V. Decoding reality: the universe as quantum information. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2010.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Williams P. Mahayana Buddhism: the doctrinal foundations. New York: Routledge; 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wheeler JA. No fugitive and cloistered virtue”—a tribute to Niels Bohr”. Physics Today, January 1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wheeler JA. The ‘past’ and the ‘delayed choice’ double-slit experiment. In: Dolling LM, Gianelli AF, Statile GN, editors. The tests of time: readings in the development of physical theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press; 2003.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geo Lyong Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Integrative MedicineSun Moon UniversityAsanSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations