Advertisement

Control of Power of a DFIG Generator with MPPT Technique for Wind Turbines Variable Speed

  • Yasmine Ihedrane
  • Chakib El Bekkali
  • Badre Bossoufi
  • Manale Bouderbala
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

This chapter presents the study and the modeling of a variable speed wind system based on Doubly Fed Induction Generator controlled by a linear control type PI, in order to independently control the active and reactive stator powers generated by the wind turbine system.

The proposed control is applied to a Doubly Fed Induction Generator whose stator is directly connected to the grid in contrast to the rotor which is connected via “Back-to-Back” converters.

The objective of the modeling is to apply the direct and indirect control of the active and reactive power generated by the wind turbine based on the Doubly Fed Induction Generator via the Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) strategy, to extract the maximum power from the wind.

Simulation results are tested and compared in order to evaluate the performance of the proposed system.

Keywords

Doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) Wind turbine Direct field oriented control (DFOC) Indirect field oriented control (IFOC) Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) 

References

  1. Aimani, S. E. (2004). Modélisation de Différentes Technologies d’Eoliennes Intégrées dans un Réseau de Moyenne Tension. Ph.D. thesis, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille.Google Scholar
  2. Allam, M., Dehiba, B., Abid, M., Djeriri, Y., & Adjoudj, R. (2014). Etude comparative entre la commande vectorielle directe et indirecte de la machine asynchrone à double alimentation(mada) dédiée à une application éolienne. Journal of Advanced Research in Science and Technology, 1(2), 88–100.Google Scholar
  3. Bossoufi, B., Karim, M., Lagrioui, A., Taoussi, M., & Hafyani, M. (2014). Backstepping control of DFIG generators for wide-range variable-speed wind turbines. IJAAC International Journal of Automation and Control, 8(2), 122–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bekakra, Y., & Attous, D. B. (2011). Sliding mode controls of active and reactive power of a DFIG with MPPT for variable speed wind energy conversion. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5, 2274–2286.Google Scholar
  5. Bennani, H. (2011). Machine asynchrone à double alimentation: Les lois de commande en régime permanent. Ph.D. thesis, Université de Laval, Québec.Google Scholar
  6. Datta, R., & Ranganathan, V. R. (2002). Variable-speed wind power generation using doubly fed wound rotor induction machine a comparison with alternative schemes. IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion, 17, 414–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. de Wit, C. C. (2000). Commande des moteurs asynchrone modélisation contrôle vectoriel et DTC. Lavoisier, 1, 10–22.Google Scholar
  8. Gaillard, A. (2010). Systéme éolien basé sur une MADA: Contribution l’étude de la qualité de l’énergie électrique et de la continuité de service. Ph.D. thesis, Université Henri Poincaré, Nancy-I.Google Scholar
  9. Ghoudelbourk, S., Dib, D., Omeiri, A., & Azar, A. T. (2016). MPPT control in wind energy conversion systems and the application of fractional control (PIα) in pitch windturbine. International Journal of Modelling, Identification and Control, 26, 140–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guda, S. R. (2005). Modeling and power management of a hybrid wind-microturbine power generation. Master’s thesis, université de Bozeman, Monata.Google Scholar
  11. Ihedrane, Y., Chakib E., & Bossoufi, B. (2017a). Power control of DFIG-generators for wind turbines variable-speed. International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS), 8(1), 444–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ihedrane, Y., El Bekkali, C., & B. Bossoufi. (2017b). Direct and indirect field oriented control of DFIG-generators for wind turbines variable-speed. In IEEE 14th International Multi-Conference on Systems, Signals & Devices, Marrakech (pp. 27–32).Google Scholar
  13. Johansen, P. R., Patterson, D., O’Keefe, C., & Swenson, J. (2001, January–March). The use of an axial flux permanent magnet in wheel direct drive in an electric bicycle. Renewable Energy, 22(1–3), 151–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kazemi, M. V., Yazdankhah, A. S., & Kojabadi, H. M. (2010). Direct power control of DFIG based on discrete space vector modulation. Renewable Energy, 35, 1033–1042.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mourad, L. (2016). Synthèse de lois de commande non-linéaires pour le contrôle d’une machine asynchrone à double alimentation dédiée à un système aérogénérateur. Ph.D. thesis, Université Aboubakr Belkaid – Tlemcen – Faculté de Technologie.Google Scholar
  16. Park, R. H. (2012). Two-reaction theory of synchronous machines: Generalized method of analysis – Part I. In Transaction of the AIEE, 48, 716–730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Poitiers, F. (2003). Etude et commande de génératrice asynchrones pour l’utilisation de l’énergie éolienne. Ph.D. thesis, Ecole polytechnique de l’Université de Nantes.Google Scholar
  18. Sejir, K. (2006). Commande Vectorielle d’une Machine Asynchrone Doublement Alimentée (MADA). Ph.D. thesis, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, France.Google Scholar
  19. Tarfaya, A., Dib, D., & Ouada M. (2015). Variable-speed wind power generation using doubly fed wound rotor induction machine a comparison with alternative schemes. International Conference on Mechanical And Industrial Engineering ICMAIE’2015, Kaula Lumpur, Malaysia.Google Scholar
  20. Youcef, B. (2014). Contribution à l’étude et à la Commande Robuste d’un Aérogénérateur Asynchrone à Double Alimentation. Ph.D. thesis, Université Mohamed Khider – Biskra.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasmine Ihedrane
    • 1
  • Chakib El Bekkali
    • 1
  • Badre Bossoufi
    • 2
  • Manale Bouderbala
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of STIC, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El MahrazSidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah UniversityFezMorocco
  2. 2.Laboratory of Electrical Engineering and Maintenance, Higher School of Technology, EST-OujdaUniversity of Mohammed IOujdaMorocco

Personalised recommendations