Advertisement

Fault Tolerant Control of Switch Power Converter in WECS Based on a DFIG

  • Amina Tamer
  • Azeddine Bendiabdellah
  • Bilal Djamal Eddine Cherif
  • Djillali Toumi
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

In the field of Wind Energy Conversion Systems(WECS), the prediction and early detection of wind power converter failures is one of the most promising ways to control and optimize the operational costs. This chapter presents the detection of converter open switch faults and the fault tolerant of power converters fed Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) in Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS). The proposed control approach is based on using the grid side converter to regulate the DC link voltage constant. The mean of the rotor side converter is to track the maximum power point for the wind turbine and to maintain unity power factor at stator terminals. The description of the proposed system is presented with the detailed dynamic modeling equations. The mean value of the rotor current diagnosis technique is adopted for fault detection. The fault tolerant topology used for service continuity is that with a redundant leg. The simulations are performed using the Matlab/Simulink environment and Sim power. The fault operation is analyzed and the detection method and fault tolerant topology used are tested with encouraging results.

Keywords

DFIG WECS Open switch Detection Fault tolerant Redundancy 

References

  1. Ahmed, I., & Zobaa, A. (2016). Comparative power quality study of variable speed wind turbines. International Journal on Energy Conversion, 4(4), 97–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bensouda, F., & Haddi, A. (2014). Introduction on advances in diagnosis for power electronics devices in wind energy, based on a doubly-fed asynchronous generator. In International Conference on Green Energy and Environmental Engineering (GEEE) Tunisia.Google Scholar
  3. Boukhriss, A., Nasser, T., Essadki, A., & Boualouch, A. (2014). Improved control for DFIG used in wind energy conversion systems. International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 7(4), 403–411.Google Scholar
  4. Cherif, B., Bendjebbar, M., & Bendiabdellah, A. (2015). Diagnostic of open-circuit fault in three phase voltage inverter fed induction motor. In IEEE Conference on Electrical Engineering, (ICEE) Boumerdes, Algeria2015.Google Scholar
  5. Cherif, B., Bendiabdellah, A., & Khelif, M. (2016). Detection of open-circuit fault in a three-phase voltage inverter fed induction motor. International Review of Automatic Control, 9(6), 374–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cordeiro, A., Palma, J., Maia, J., & Resende, M. (2014). Detection and diagnosis solutions for fault-tolerant VSI. Journal of Power Electronics, 14(6), 1272–1280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Elazzaoui, M. (2015). Modeling and control of a wind system based doubly fed induction generator: Optimization of the power produced. Electrical & Electronic Systems Journal, 4(141), 1–8.Google Scholar
  8. ElKachani, A., Chakir, E., Laachir, A., Jarou, A., Niaaniaa, T., & Sedra, J. A. (2014). AC grid connected DFIG-based wind turbine with shunt active power filter. International Review on Modelling and Simulations, 8, 354–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gaillard, A., Karimi, S., Saadate, S., Poure, P., & Gholipour, E. (2007). A fault tolerant converter topology for wind energy conversion system with doubly fed induction generator. In European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, Aalborg, Denmark (pp. 1–6).Google Scholar
  10. Gaillard, A., Poure, P., & Saadate, S. (2013). FPGA-based reconfigurable control for switch fault tolerant operation of WECS with DFIG without redundancy. Renewable Energy Journal, 55, 35–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Guediri, A., & Attous, D. B. (2015). Modeling and fuzzy control of a wind energy system based on double-fed asynchronous machine for supply of power to the electrical network. International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management, 8(1), 363–360.Google Scholar
  12. Lu, B., & Sharma, S. K. (2009). A literature review of IGBT fault diagnostic and protection methods for power inverters. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 45, 1770–1777.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mohamed, S., Haitham, Z., & Ashraf, S. (2013). Open-circuit fault diagnosis of three-phase induction motor drive systems. Journal of Electrical Engineering, 13, 60–68.Google Scholar
  14. Polinder, H., Lendenmann, H., Chin, R., & Arshad, W. (2009). Fault tolerant generator systems for wind turbines. In International IEEE Conference on Electric Machines and Drives (pp. 675–681).Google Scholar
  15. Riouch, T., & Bachtiri, R. (2014). Advanced control strategy of doubly fed induction generator based wind-turbine during symmetrical grid fault. International Review of Electrical Engineering, 09(4), 829–834.Google Scholar
  16. Sarati, D. P., & Kyeong-Hwa, H. (2014). Voltage-based on-line fault detection and faulty switch identification under multiple open-switches in grid-connected wind power converter. International Journal of Control and Automation, 7(11), 419–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Singh, B., Aggarwal, S., & Chandra, T. (2010). Performance of wind energy conversion system using a doubly fed induc-tion generator for maximum power point tracking. IEEE Transactions, 978, 4244–6395.Google Scholar
  18. Tamer, A., Toumi, D., Bendiabdellah, A., & Boucherit, M. (2014). Inter-turn stator and rotor fault in doubly-fed induction generator based wind power system. In Second International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Control Applications ICEECA Constantine, Algeria.Google Scholar
  19. Tamer, A., Toumi, D., Bendiabdellah, A., & Cherif, B. (2017). Open switch fault detection and fault tolerant of power converter fed DFIG in WECS. International Review of Automatic Control, 10(3), 274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tapia, A., Tapia, G., & Ostolaza, J. (2003). Modeling and control of a wind turbine driven doubly fed induction generator. IEEE, 18(2), 194–204.Google Scholar
  21. Touati, A., Abouloifa, A., Elmounim, E. A., Aboulfatah, M., Majdoul, R., & Moutabir, A. (2014). Modeling and control of a three phase DC-AC converter connected to the network for a wind power system equipped with a DFIG. International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 07(2), 231–237.Google Scholar
  22. Yang, S., Bryant, A., Mawby, P., Xiang, D., Ran, L., & Tavner, P. (2011). An industry-based survey of reliability in power electronic converters. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 47, 1441–1451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Yanhui, F., Junwei, Z., Yingning, Q., & Kai, F. (2013). Fault tolerance for wind turbine power converter. In Renewable Power Generation Conference (RPGC) Beijing, China (pp. 1–4).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amina Tamer
    • 1
  • Azeddine Bendiabdellah
    • 1
  • Bilal Djamal Eddine Cherif
    • 1
  • Djillali Toumi
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Electrical Drives Development (LDEE)University of Science and Technology of OranOranAlgeria
  2. 2.Laboratory of Electrical and Computer Engineering (L2GEGI)Ibn Khaldun UniversityTiaretAlgeria

Personalised recommendations