Intelligent Load Frequency Control in Presence of Wind Power Generation

  • Nour EL Yakine KoubaEmail author
  • Mohamed Boudour
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


With the advent of large-scale interconnected power systems, many new problems have emerged, which include frequency fluctuations problem. In many parts of the world, installed capacity and energy production levels for electric generation from non-conventional renewable resources such as wind power generation are growing rapidly. However, the fluctuations of these generators affect the system frequency. The purpose of this work is to design an intelligent load frequency control (LFC) strategy based on Fuzzy Logic-PID controller to suppress all the fluctuations of the total power output of the wind generation and maintain the constancy of the system frequency. To show the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy, a two-area multi-sources power system was investigated for the simulation. The observed simulation results of the proposed Fuzzy Logic-PID controller are compared with the results obtained by the classical Ziegler-Nichols method and the meta-heuristic Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) technique. The transient responses showing the integration impact of the wind farm are depicted and the results are tabulated as a comparative performance in view of peak overshoot and settling time. The results are compared and the ability of the proposed approach to evaluate load frequency control over large wind farm integration is confirmed.


Load frequency control (LFC) PID controller Fuzzy logic control (FLC) Wind power generation Wind farm 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Electrical and Industrial Systems, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and ComputingUniversity of Sciences and Technology Houari BoumedieneBab Ezzouar, AlgiersAlgeria

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