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Enzyme Catalysis and Its Role in Food Processing Industries

  • Santosh Bahadur Singh
Chapter

Abstract

Nature is the master of catalysis. Enzymes are known as natural catalysts. Chemically enzymes are protein molecules and also referred as biocatalysts due to its specific capability to catalyze various biochemical/biological reactions. Initially inspiration to develop synthetic catalysts which now has become a lifeline of industrial applications of chemical science research comes from the enzyme catalysis. All the synthetic catalysts, i.e., homogeneous catalysts, heterogeneous catalysts, or nanocatalysts, have some disadvantage in respect to their environmental impacts, but enzymes or biocatalysts are totally green. Due to continuous increase in world population, world food demands are also increasing. Enzyme catalysis is the most promising/challenging field of catalytic research which has the capability to solve world food problem and make it available for all. Enzymes are frequently used in various food sectors like baking, dairy and starch processing, brewery and beverages, etc. to process and store the food materials. In present chapter, fundamental aspects of enzymes, mechanistic overview of enzyme-catalyzed reactions, and its significance in food processing industries are reviewed.

Keywords

Enzyme catalysis Biocatalysts Food processing Baking Brewery E-factors 

Notes

Acknowledgment

I am extremely grateful to Professor Praveen Kumar Tandon, Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, for his valuable guidance and inspiration. No words are enough to express my thankfulness to my eldest brother Mr. Tej Bahadur Singh for his unbelievable support, help, and inspiration to work hard in life. Further, I would like to express my sincere thanks to the Head of the Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Raipur, Raipur, for his faith as well as support.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Santosh Bahadur Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryNational Institute of TechnologyRaipurIndia

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