Biofunctionalization of Various Textile Materials Using Enzyme Biotechnology as a Green Chemistry Alternative

  • Luqman Jameel Rather
  • Sabiyah Akhter
  • Qazi Parvaiz Hassan
  • Faqeer Mohammad


Dyeing of textiles and textile materials has been going parallel to the human life since time immemorial. Natural protein fibers especially wool, silk, and cotton are widely used for dyeing purposes in the modern textile industrial sectors due to their comfort when wearing. In this chapter, fiber protein structure-function relationships are briefly discussed with enzymatic processing routes of textile materials with respect to the increasing dyeing efficiency and other novel functional applications. Fiber/fabric (wool, silk, cotton) biomodifications are described in detail with respect to various classes of enzymes such as cellulases, lipases, xylanases, oxygenases, proteases, transglutaminase, tyrosinase, and laccase. With the processing and development of new dyeing and finishing strategies, enzymatic treatments have become important environmental friendly technologies which not only fulfill the demand of the traditional textile industry but also improve quality of our life, meet the requirement of textile industrial sectors in terms of minimizing pollution levels, environmental protection levels, comfort, and health.


Protein fibers Enzymes Enzyme biotechnology Ecofriendly Environmental protection Dyeing 



Financial support provided by University Grants Commission, Govt. of India, New Delhi through Maulana Azad National Fellowship (MANF) for Sabiyah Akhter is highly acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luqman Jameel Rather
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sabiyah Akhter
    • 2
  • Qazi Parvaiz Hassan
    • 2
  • Faqeer Mohammad
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringUniversity of Kashmir, North CampusBaramullahIndia
  2. 2.CSIR-Plant Biotechnology DivisionIndian Institute of Integrative MedicineSrinagarIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryJamia Millia Islamia (A Central University)New DelhiIndia

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