Techniques of Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration

  • Hongxun WuEmail author


Thyroid nodules are common, approximately 2–22% of biopsied and resected thyroid nodules are malignant, and only a small percentage of them exhibit aggressive behavior. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a standard test to determine proper management. The high-quality FNA samples obtained by technically skilled operators should be representative of the lesion for further interpretation. This chapter will emphasize on thyroid FNA techniques and pre-/post-management in detail, as well as the issues related to specimen adequacy.


Thyroid Nodule Fine-needle aspiration Biopsy Ultrasound Cytology Technique Conventional preparation 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UltrasoundJiangyuan Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine, (Key Laboratory of Nuclear Medicine, Ministry of Health/Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Nuclear Medicine)WuxiChina

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