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Application of Microbial Enzymes in Degradation and Detoxification of Organic and Inorganic Pollutants

  • Gaurav Saxena
  • Roop Kishor
  • Ram Naresh BharagavaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Microbial enzymes have been reported to play a diverse role in various industrial applications. Microbial enzymes are also useful in bioremediation of environmental pollutants from industrial wastes due to their high specificity to a broad range of substrates (pollutants), use under extreme conditions that microbe cannot thrive, high effectiveness at low pollutant concentration, high activity in the presence of inhibitors of microbial metabolism, and high mobility (small size) than microorganisms. A variety of enzymes are produced by microorganisms that can be used in the degradation and detoxification of a wide range of organic and inorganic pollutants. This chapter provides an overview on the various microbial enzymes that can be used for the bioremediation of environmental pollutants. In addition, the prospects and challenges in applying microbial enzymes in bioremediation are also discussed in this chapter.

Keywords

Microbial enzymes Biodegradation Bioremediation Biodetoxification Environmental pollutants 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support as “Major Research Projects” (Grant No.: EEQ/2017/000407) from “Science and Engineering Research Board” (SERB), Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India (GOI), New Delhi, India, and University Grant Commission (UGC) Fellowship received by Mr. Gaurav Saxena for doctoral studies is duly acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gaurav Saxena
    • 1
  • Roop Kishor
    • 1
  • Ram Naresh Bharagava
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Bioremediation and Metagenomics Research (LBMR), Department of Microbiology (DM)Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University)LucknowIndia

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