Introduction to Industrial Wastes Containing Organic and Inorganic Pollutants and Bioremediation Approaches for Environmental Management

  • Ram Naresh Bharagava
  • Gaurav Saxena
  • Sikandar I. Mulla


Industrial wastes are one of the sources of environmental pollution. Industrial waste contains a variety of highly toxic organic and inorganic pollutants and thus may cause serious toxicity in the living organisms. Therefore, the adequate treatment and management of such hazardous wastes to protect the environment and public health. Bioremediation can be a suitable alternative to the physicochemical approaches, which are environmentally destructive and costly and may cause secondary pollution. It has been approved by the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) as an eco-friendly waste management technique that revitalizes the contaminated environment and promotes sustainable development. Therefore, this chapter introduces the toxicity profile of different industrial wastes containing various organic and inorganic pollutants and bioremediation technologies such as microbial bioremediation, phytoremediation, enzymatic remediation, electro-bioremediation, nano-bioremediation, etc. with limitations and challenges.


Industrial waste Organic pollutants Inorganic pollutants Pollution Toxicity Bioremediation 



The financial support as “Major Research Projects” (Grant No.: EEQ/2017/000407) from the “Science and Engineering Research Board” (SERB), Department of Science and Technology (DOST), Government of India (GOI), New Delhi, India, and University Grant Commission (UGC) Fellowship received by Mr. Gaurav Saxena for doctoral studies is duly acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ram Naresh Bharagava
    • 1
  • Gaurav Saxena
    • 1
  • Sikandar I. Mulla
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Bioremediation and Metagenomics Research (LBMR), Department of Microbiology (DM)Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University)LucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryKarnatak UniversityDharwadIndia
  3. 3.CAS Key Laboratory of Urban Pollutant ConversionInstitute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of SciencesXiamenPeople’s Republic of China

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