Identifying Suitable Soil Health Indicators Under Variable Climate Scenarios: A Ready Reckoner for Soil Management

  • Joydeep Mukherjee
  • Nilimesh Mridha
  • Surajit Mondal
  • Debasish Chakraborty
  • Amit Kumar


The increase of greenhouse gas emissions due to anthropogenic activities is continuously changing the climate. The soil is the important factor for the global food production and also responsible for three important greenhouse gases, viz. carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. These gases are highly contributing in the global warming, which directly affects the soil health. The change in physical, chemical and biological properties of soil system changes the organic carbon content, nitrogen mineralization, availability of essential nutrients and soil hydrological properties, along with the soil aggregate changes. Increased soil temperature is also enhancing the microbial activities in the soil and ultimately causes the decrease in the soil organic carbon and increase the gaseous carbon emission. In the present chapter, the maintenance of the soil health and soil quality in the variable climate are discussed, and the agricultural practices such as maintaining permanent vegetative cover on the soil surface, crop residue incorporation and lowest disturbed soil are recommended to protect the soil surface. These methods also support to mitigate the greenhouse gas emission from the agriculture soil.


Soil health Climate change Greenhouse gas Global Warming and CO2 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joydeep Mukherjee
    • 1
  • Nilimesh Mridha
    • 1
  • Surajit Mondal
    • 1
  • Debasish Chakraborty
    • 1
  • Amit Kumar
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Agricultural PhysicsICAR- Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyDayalbagh Educational InstituteAgraIndia

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