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Oil Spill Removal by Mycoremediation

  • Rajeev KumarEmail author
  • Ashpreet Kaur
Chapter

Abstract

Oil spills are always harmful, whether accidental or deliberate as it contains hydrocarbons which are carcinogenic and also cause great damage to marine ecosystem disturbing its food chain and hence a threat to entire marine community. Many chemical and physical methods are used to remove the spilled oil of ocean floor, each having some drawbacks. Bioremediation has a promising future in oil spill removal in which indigenous or exogenous microbes are used to clean the oil spill. These microbes are mostly fungi, bacteria, and yeasts, which are already present in the water. Otherwise not dividing actively, during spillage these proliferate quickly and eat up the hydrocarbons which are essential for their growth producing ultimate end products – carbon dioxide and water. Though not in abundance in marine ecosystem, fungi are found to be better degrader of hydrocarbon than other microbes, and its usage to clean up oil spills is burgeoning. This chapter generally emphasizes on marine fungi, and its role in degrading crude oil components as the oceans is the largest and ultimate receptors of hydrocarbon pollutants.

Notes

Acknowledgment

Rajeev Kumar is thankful to DST, SERB/F/8171/2015-16 as well as UGC (F. No. 194-2/2016 IC) for providing financial support. Ms. Ashpreet Kuar is also thankful to the Department of Environment Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India for providing necessary assistance to complete this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environment StudiesPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia

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