Dissimilar Friction Welding of AISI 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel and AISI D3 Tool Steel: Mechanical Properties and Microstructural Characterization

  • Sangathoti Haribabu
  • Muralimohan CheepuEmail author
  • Lakshmipathi Tammineni
  • Naresh Kumar Gurasala
  • Venkateswarlu Devuri
  • Venkata Charan Kantumuchu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


In recent years, the continuous demand for dissimilar joining combination of various materials increasing in manufacturing sector for various applications such as power plants, nuclear, and aerospace applications. The joining of dissimilar metals using conventional fusion welding methods is exhibited in unsatisfactory joint strength. The use of solid-state welding methods is most suitable for joining of dissimilar combination in the current scenario. In this study, dissimilar joining of 304 austenitic stainless steel and D3 tool steel are joined using friction welding process to investigate the properties and joint interface characteristics. To identify the feasibility of joining dissimilar materials using friction welding process, the experiment is performed at different input welding conditions such as friction pressure and upset pressure were varying from minimum to maximum values to obtain the reliable joint strength. The friction welded joints were characterized using microscope observations at the weld interface and failure modes are discussed.


Friction welding Austenitic stainless steel D3 high carbon steel Microstructure Mechanical properties Optimization technique Joint interface 



The authors are grateful to Professor G. D. Janaki Ram, Materials Joining Laboratory, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, IIT Madras for providing the Friction Welding facility to carry out this research experiments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangathoti Haribabu
    • 1
  • Muralimohan Cheepu
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lakshmipathi Tammineni
    • 1
  • Naresh Kumar Gurasala
    • 1
  • Venkateswarlu Devuri
    • 3
  • Venkata Charan Kantumuchu
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSri Venkatesa Perumal College of Engineering and TechnologyPutturIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechatronics EngineeringKyungsung UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMarri Laxman Reddy Institute of Technology and ManagementHyderabadIndia
  4. 4.Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering and TechnologyBradley UniversityPeoriaUSA
  5. 5.A Division of Methode Electronics Malta Ltd.Hetronic USAOklahoma CityUSA

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